8.19 | Standards Michigan

Tag Archives: 8.19


Service requirements for distance learning

Hans Christian Ørsted discovers electromagnetism / Københavns Universitet

We follow the uptake in international distance learning enterprises with particular interest in its technical foundation for quality and availability.   International Telecommunication Union Recommendation F.742 provides the service description and the requirements for distance learning services. This Recommendation is intended to support the multimedia framework for distance learning services.  From the project description:

“…Distance learning involves interactive and non-interactive multimedia communications between learners and learning resources located at two or more separate locations. The aims of learners who use distance learning services may be to get some degree certificates based on the degree standards, to get training given by employers, or to learn special knowledge independently. The distance learning services may be teaching-centred learning services that are similar to traditional face-to-face classroom learning, individual instruction, self-pacing learning, multi-role learning/team learning, etc.

In the course of distance learning, information may be required from remote databases containing the learning resources, or from live lectures. The material may be textual, aural, graphical, or video in nature and may be stored in a multimedia format. The information can be delivered in point-to-point configuration, point-to-multipoint or multipoint-to-multipoint configuration.  Participants in the distance learning may be located in classrooms equipped with related facilities, offices, homes or other places, such as on trains, where they are able to access to a distance learning services platform. Learners may learn in real-time with or without interaction with others, following a curriculum schedule or in non-real-time by themselves on demand. The equipment that learners use may be a PC, PDA, mobile phone, or even a TV set with STU. Learners can change their equipment without interruption while they are learning, with the assistance of a DLSP…”

Note that the last revision became effective in 2005; and was re-affirmed in 2008.  Other ITU documents relevant to the education industry can be found on the page linked below:

ITU-T Recommendations

We normally coordinate our engagement with ITU standards with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets four times monthly in European and American time zones.  We discuss any best practice title affecting education communities every day at 11 AM Eastern time.  We also host a periodic teleconference on the status of Cloud best practice literature.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [8-8]

Category: Academics, Electrical, Information and Communication Technology, Telecommunications

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Mike Hiler


Birth Certification

“Celebrating the Birth” 1664 / Jan Steen


“Birth is the sudden opening of a window,

through which you look out upon a stupendous prospect.

For what has happened? A miracle.

You have exchanged nothing for the possibility of everything.” 

— William MacNeile Dixon



One of the consensus products of the North American Security Products Organization (NASPO) may interest education communities:

ANSI/NASPO 2019 BC Minimum Security Requirements for United States Birth Certification Documents

From the product prospectus:

The scope of this standard is to define minimum security requirements for the design, production, supply chain, and recommendations for issuance of government birth certificates used for official purposes. The standard will not establish requirements for the handling and security of Personally Identifiable Information (PII).

The goal for this standard is to protect against fraud and reduce the risk associated with using compromised documents that support critical transactions. This standard establishes the minimum security technologies that should be incorporated into birth certificates for authentication, and the minimum requirements for manufacture and distribution to vital records offices. This standard also recommends best practices for the secure storage and issuance of birth certificates.

Many education communities are bound to statues that require confirmation of a student or employee’s country of origin.  Our reading of best practice literature reveals that every state has its own rules for establishing residency status; at least among US nationals, so this product appears to offer more dimension to birth certification particulars.

NASPO sells the product.  A certification and training regimen is offered.   NASPO members receive discounts.  This is a feature of the business models of many ANSI-accredited standards setting organizations.

There are enough issues in the $300 billion facility operation of US education communities that we do not need to stray outside our wheelhouse getting involved in birth certification issues but, since we work in a related domain, we simply pass this on to others on the front line of student residency issues.  An industry very close to combustion temperature should at least know about NASPO consensus products.

NASPO is ANSI’s US Technical Advisory Group Administrator of the US position on ISO Committee 292 — Security and resilience — a global committee focused on standardization in the field of security to enhance the safety and resilience of society.  ISO products provide policy templates for governments in all nations.  We urge our colleagues in education communities to participate in NASPO and/or ISO consensus product development as a user-interest.   As of this posting, there are no education community representatives on the US TAG to ISO 292  CLICK HERE to communicate directly with NASPO.

We maintain NASPO products on the standing agenda of our periodic Risk and Global teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [16-139]

Category: Risk, Global

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja


USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point

World According to Marco Polo

We track action in international administrative procedures that affect the safety and sustainability agenda of the education facility industry.  From time to time we find product purchasing contracts that contain “boilerplate” requiring conformity to applicable regulations found in the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT).   Common examples are found in contracts for the acquisition of information technology and specialty laboratory equipment.

The World Trade Organization TBT Agreement obliges all Parties  to maintain an inquiry point that is able to answer questions from interested parties and other WTO Members regarding technical regulations, standards developed by government bodies, and conformity assessment procedures, as well as provide relevant documents.  The TBT Agreement also requires that WTO Members notify the WTO of proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures so interested parties can become acquainted with them and have an opportunity to submit written comments.

Technical Barriers to Trade Information Management System

The inquiry point and notification authority for the United States is operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology an agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce.  We provide a link here for the convenience of faculty, specifiers and purchasing professionals.

Notify U.S. Standards Coordination Office USA WTO Enquiry Point

We include the TBT on the agenda of our Global teleconference; open to everyone.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.






This content is accessible to paid subscribers. To view it please enter your password below or send mike@standardsmichigan.com a request for subscription details.

Trade-Related Standards Issues

This content is accessible to paid subscribers. To view it please enter your password below or send mike@standardsmichigan.com a request for subscription details.

The MOOC BA, a New Frontier for Internationalization

“The Bay of Naples with Vesuvius in the Background” c. 1872 / Oswald Achenbach

The MOOC BA, a New Frontier for Internationalization

Valentina Reda – Ruth Kerr


Abstract.  The early attraction of MOOCs was global reach and global branding to bolster university reputation and increase student enrollments from home and abroad, leading to a scenario marked by high numbers of HE Institutions with a low number of high-investment MOOCs. Recent emerging trends show a move towards online degrees, essentially postgraduate, which involves the big MOOC providers and universities positioning themselves to capture a growing market of lifelong learners through a broader portfolio of diversified credentials. The core business of curricular education verified by a degree, however, is only just being touched by the MOOC revolution, with very few – though significant – experiences. This paper proposes a policy framework for a MOOC strategy for bachelors degrees at the University of Naples, Federico II, which encompasses policy issues regarding funding, organization and governance.



CLICK HERE to order complete paper from IEEE



ANSI Needs US TAGs / Information Concerning

This content is accessible to paid subscribers. To view it please enter your password below or send mike@standardsmichigan.com a request for subscription details.

Social Responsibility

“A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte” 1884 / Georges Seurat

The Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) member body for France, has submitted to ISO a proposal for a new field of ISO technical activity on Social Responsibility, with the following scope statement:

Standardization in the field of Social Responsibility to provide guidance and framework to all types of organizations, regardless of their size, activity or location.  It allows organizations to challenge their own practices, define their corporate social responsibility and thus devise strategies to enhance their contribution to sustainable development.

Anyone wishing to review the proposal can request a copy by contacting ANSI’s ISO Team (isot@ansi.org), with a submission of comments to Steve Cornish (scornish@ansi.org) by close of business on Friday, June 5, 2020

We maintain all commenting opportunities on ISO consensus products on the standing agenda of our Global teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Miami Dade Schools Childrens Chorus

At the moment, we find only a few ISO consensus products incorporated by reference into the best practice literature that affects the cost of US education communities.   It is wise to follow the action, however, because these products can inform higher level policy pronouncements.  We maintain all ISO consensus products on the standing agenda of our Global teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [20-126]

Category: Academic

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer

Source: ANSI Standards Action


ANSI Accredited U.S. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) to ISO




USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point




International Organization for Standardization

We live in an amazing world full of incredible opportunities and endless possibilities. But it can also be a complex and overwhelming place. When things don’t work as they should it often means that standards are absent. But when ISO standards are applied, life is just so much richer.

ISO standards help to make the world a safer, cleaner and more efficient place: from food safety to computers, from health care to new technologies. There are many challenges facing our environment, economy and society.

ISO can make a positive difference to all our lives, utilising a wealth of international experience and wisdom. In today’s ever changing world ISO standards help create growth, open up global markets and make trade fairer, including for developing countries.

ISO standards can help tackle global challenges like climate change, road safety, energy and social responsibility. ISO standards touch almost everything we do, keeping us connected and entertained, making us more productive, more creative, sharing ideas, promoting innovation and keeping us safe and healthy. ISO is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. With over 18,000 standards for nearly every aspect of technology and business.

For over 60 years, a network of standards bodies in 163 countries, working in partnership around the world and right here at home. ISO builds confidence: for today, for tomorrow and for the future.



U.S. Participation in ISO Activities


Layout mode
Predefined Skins
Custom Colors
Choose your skin color
Patterns Background
Images Background
Skip to content