Tag Archives: Switzerland


Building Environment Design

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“Détruire est facile ; construire est difficile.”

— Victor Hugo


The highest level of standardization for the building interiors on the emergent #SmartCampus originates in ISO TC 205 — Building Environment Design.  This committee is charged with standards setting in the design of new buildings and retrofit of existing buildings for acceptable indoor environment and practicable energy conservation and efficiency. Building environment design addresses the technical building systems and related architectural aspects, and includes the related design processes, design methods, design outcomes, and design-phase building commissioning. Indoor environment includes air quality, and thermal, acoustic, and visual factors.  The business plan is linked below:


Some of the key ideas in the scope of this project are listed below:

– the design of energy-efficient buildings
– building control systems design
– indoor air quality
– indoor thermal environment
– indoor acoustical environment
– indoor visual environment
– radiant heating and cooling systems
– heating and cooling systems
– building commissioning planning
– moisture in buildings

We see many of the foregoing ideas in the catalog of ASHRAE International — ANSI’s US Technical Advisory Group Administrator in this project, as well as a number of others (CLICK HERE).   There are 31 Participating member and 28 Observing member nations.

Generally speaking, ISO consensus products are performance standards and contrast sharply with prescriptive standards in the energy-related domains in the United States.  Prescriptive standards are easy to enforce but difficult to write.  Performance standards are easy to write but difficult to enforce.

Facility managers that oversee building automation units in education communities in the United States are encouraged to participate in the development of ISO 205 by communicating directly with Brian Cox at ASHRAE (bcox@ashrae.org).  We keep all ISO standards on the standing agenda of our periodic Global and AEdificare standards colloquia.  We also maintain this committee’s catalog on the standing agenda of our Mechanical colloquium.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meetings; open to everyone.

Issue: [10-30]

Category: International, Mechanical, Energy, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben, Larry Spielvogel




Smart Energy

Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne / International Exposition of Art and Technology in Modern Life

We follow the administration of the the US National Committee of the International Electrotechnical Commission; a member of an international committee administered by the International Electrotechnical Commission developing global  Smart Grid and Smart City concepts.   Related developments happen in the following committees:

TC 8 System aspects of electrical energy supply

SC 8A Grid integration of Renewable Energy Generation

SC 8B Decentralized Electrical Energy Systems

TC 13 Electrical energy measurement and control

TC 21 Secondary cells and batteries

21/1166/CDV  IEC 61427-2 ED2: Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage – General requirements and methods of test – Part 2: On-grid applications | Close Date: 2023-06-16

SC 23K Electrical Energy Efficiency Products

TC 34 Lighting

TC 82 Solar photovoltaic energy systems

TC 120 Electrical Energy Storage Systems

TA 19 Environmental and energy aspects for multimedia systems and equipment

International Electrotechnical Commission | Consultations

Freely Available ICT Standards

We limit our interest to electrotechnology interoperability issues that are present in education communities (rather than product related issues).   We track coordinated action among the ISO/IEC/ITU:

ISO/IEC/ITU coordination – New work items (January 2023)

Note that there is what may appears to be a “competitor” standardization project at the ISO — TC 274 Lights and Lighting.  There is enough coordination between the IEC and the ISO that we ignore the slight overlap for our purposes.

We also collaborate with other US-based and other international universities through several societies of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).  The IEC also has several committees where leading practice is discovered and promulgated that influence electrotechnology research agendas in both the academic and business side of the education facility industry:

SyC Smart Cities: Electrotechnical aspects of Smart Cities

SyC Smart Energy

The ambitions of this batch of documents is to formalize the landscape of the emergent Smart City (and, accordingly, #SmartCampus) by doing the following:

  • Providing the rationale for the market relevance of the future standards being produced in the parent IEC technical committee.
  • Providing an indication of global or regional sales of products or services related to the TC/SC work and state the source of the data.
  • Providing standards that will be significantly effective for assessing regulatory compliance.

In electrotechnology, a great deal of research is conducted in US colleges and universities — some of it funded by federal agencies; some by the corporate sector.    Where appropriate we identify and highlight their research and findings — especially findings that will find a way into best practice literature that informs safety and sustainability in education communities.   Many IEC titles are referenced in ISO, IET, IEEE and NFPA consensus products.


Take, for example, the Association of Medical Imaging and Electrical Equipment Manufacturers (NEMA) — the Administrator of the USNC /IEC Technical Advisory Group of the USNA/IEC — frequently  releases material for US stakeholders to review.   The USNA.IEC also publishes a quarterly newsletter:

USNC Current | Winter 2023

There is a great deal of economic activity in this domain so we maintain our focus on the technical specifics presented in draft material.   About 80 percent of the work involved in standards setting is administrative.  Our focus has always been on the remaining 20 percent that involves a non-administrative skill set.  Because of copyright restrictions on draft material — very common in the standards setting systems in many nations — we are mindful of releasing the full text of draft documents intended for public consultation only.

We do it this way out of necessity.  There is no structured workspace provided by USNA/IEC at the moment; only emails with attachments among USNA/IEC members.   Instead, we use a combination content management system hosted by the University of Michigan and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.  We coordinate our review of the state of energy sector literature here and with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee.   All IEC products are on the standing agendas of our Energy, Power and Global colloquia.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

University of Michigan


Issue: [15-197]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Paul Green, Jim Harvey, Massimo Mittolo

Colleagues: Mahesh Illindala (Ohio State University), Giuseppe Parisi (Sapienza University of Roma), Loren Clark (University of Alberta). Jim Murphy (Lawrence Livermore Laboratory: University of California Berkeley),  Brian Marchionini (NEMA), Paul Green (University of Michigan)

Category: Electrical, Telecommunications, Energy Management, #SmartCampus, Informatics, Information & Communications Technology






“The Dressmaking Factory” 1881 Charles Ginnar

“Dwell on the beauty of life.

Watch the stars, and see yourself running with them.”

― Marcus Aurelius, Meditations

The consumer discretionary sector is among the largest economic sectors in every nation.   Consumer Discretionary is the term given to goods and services that are considered non-essential by consumers, but desirable if their available income is sufficient to purchase them.  Consumer discretionary goods include durable goods, apparel, entertainment and leisure, and automobiles.  The International Organization for Standardization administers leading practice discovery and promulgation of the standards in a core component of durable goods industry — textiles – through its Technical Committee 38.

We find continued student interest in these technologies so attention to the elevated hazards in research, instructional and display spaces require attention.   We recognize that not every student is interested in the Green Agenda or the Internet of Things but wants to devote their energy to making the world a better place by making the world a more beautiful place.

From the ISO/TC 38 prospectus:


“…Textiles are one of the most important and versatile commodities in the global economy. The textile industries involve provision of raw materials, preparation of fiber production, manufacture of yarns and fibres, manufacture of fabric formation, finishing processing including bleaching, dyeing, printing, coating, special chemical treatments, transformation of the fabric into clothing, upholstery, or industrial/technical textiles, and rope and netting formation. Therefore, the textile industry concerns a variety of entities such as suppliers of raw materials, processors, manufacturers, traders,  distributors, retailers, associated industries such as the laundry industry, government and educational establishments as well as consumers….

…One new field of innovation in the textiles is emerging as the smart textiles which cover either smart textile materials or smart textile systems, including some of them combining technologies with electronic textiles and wearable devices. The uses expected of the smart textiles extend over medical device, general product safety, textile labelling, etc. Our technical committee liaises for cooperation with other technical fields and be responsible for standardization of the textile field of smart textiles….”

Japanese Industrial Standards Committee is the Global Secretariat.   ASTM International is ANSI’s US Technical Advisory Group Administrator

Educators and students in the United States interested in participating in the development of this product should communicate directly with Jen Rodgers at ASTM International, Jen Rodgers (jrodgers@astm.org).  We maintain all ISO consensus products on the standing agenda of our monthly International Standards teleconference; open to everyone.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.


An introduction to the IEC

The IEC was founded by a group of pioneers in the field of electricity and electrotechnology, including prominent figures such as Charles Le Maistre, Lord Kelvin (William Thomson), Emil Rathenau, Charles Steinmetz, and Thomas Edison. These individuals recognized the need for international standardization in the growing field of electrical engineering, as electrical technologies were rapidly advancing and becoming more prevalent around the world. The IEC was established as a non-profit organization with the goal of creating and promoting consensus-based standards that would be recognized and adopted globally. 


Innovation management

Central Dome of the Gallery des Machines Exposition Universelle de Paris | Louis Beroud (1889)


We find the United States education industry strengthening its voice in the global standards system with leadership provided by the International Association of Innovation Professionals (IAOIP); the US Technical Advisory Group Administrator for the French-inspired ISO TC 279 Innovation management covered here in the posts below.  Of the 5300 colleges and universities in the US the seven that are members of the TAG at the moment are:

University of Minnesota

Arizona State University

Lone Star College

Nova Southeastern

Oral Roberts University

Texas A&M University

Florida Institute of Technology

CLICK HERE for the complete list.

We do not advocate in this standard but we track it along with about 20 of the 21,000 ISO standards.  We mention it now because in tracking live public consultation notices we see opportunities that may interest other parts of the education industry — notably academic units and business schools; as well as the many technology transfer units in many research universities charged with generating licensing revenue.  The landing page for the US TAG is linked below:

IAOIP and ISO TC279 – Innovation Management Technical Advisory Group 

You are encouraged to communicate directly with Dr. Brett Trusko, President and CEO, International Association of Innovation Professionals, 4422 Castlewood Street, Suite 200, Sugar Land, TX 77479; phone: 925.858.0905; e-mail: brett@iaoip.org.   We also refer this standard to the standing agenda of our Global and Human Resource teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [17-303]

Category: Academics, International

Contact: Mike Anthony (mike@standardsmichigan.com), Christine Fischer (chrisfis@umich.edu)

*See “Education Enterprise” ISO Focus, January 2015, pp 33-37  




Posted September 25, 2018

Texas A&M University

Recent communication from International Association of Innovation Professionals (IAOIP) indicates that it continues to welcome participation from the US education industry.  There are many academic programs and faculty devoted to international studies and innovation that could offer students a front-row seat for the development of international technology policy.

We are happy to explain the opportunity to faculty and staff any day during our daily 11 AM online meetings.   You may also communicate directly with Dr. Brett Trusko, President and CEO, International Association of Innovation Professionals, 4422 Castlewood Street, Suite 200, Sugar Land, TX 77479; phone: 925.858.0905; e-mail: brett@iaoip.org

Posted April 26, 2018 

York University Markham Campus | Ontario, Canada

The International Association of Innovation Professionals (IAOIP) has submitted an Application for Accreditation for a new proposed U.S. Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to ISO TC 279 Innovation management and a request for approval as TAG Administrator. The proposed TAG intends to operate using the Model Operating Procedures for U.S. Technical Advisory Groups to ANSI for ISO Activities as contained in Annex A of the ANSI International Procedures.

Standards Michigan applauds any organization that assumes leadership in developing the US position on any international standard promulgated by Geneva Secretariats — the International Organization for Standardization, the International Telecommunications Union and the International Electrotechnical Commission.  Few activities offer such an ideal  front row seat at the world speeding toward us.

The education industry — notably the academic segment of the higher education industry — is notably absent in US leadership positions in international standards.   We have been in this space as a user interest for a long time (See ABOUT) and the shortage of education industry engagement (especially the user-interest) has not gone is unnoticed or written about.*   While the majority of the 1800-odd colleges and universities have academic programs that claim leadership in international and/or innovation studies, only Georgia Tech and the University of Texas Medical Branch are US TAG administrators for the American National Standards Institute; the US member body to the Geneva Secretariats.

Université de Genève

Comments are due May 14th.  To obtain a copy of the TAG application or to offer comments, please contact: Dr. Brett Trusko, President and CEO, International Association of Innovation Professionals, 4422 Castlewood Street, Suite 200, Sugar Land, TX 77479; phone: 925.858.0905; e-mail: brett@iaoip.org by May 14, 2018 (please copy jthompso@ansi.org).

Issue: [17-303]

Category: Academics, International

Contact: Mike Anthony (mike@standardsmichigan.com), Christine Fischer (chrisfis@umich.edu)

*See “Education Enterprise” ISO Focus, January 2015, pp 33-37  


December 17, 2017

Oral Roberts University

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has been informed that the American Society for Quality (ASQ), the current ANSI-accredited U.S. Technical Advisory Group Administrator (U.S. TAG) for the work of Technical Committee 279 of the International Organization for Standardization wishes to relinquish their role as U.S. TAG Administrator.  The global Secretariat for TC 279 is the AFNOR Group — the national standardization body for France.  The participating nations are shown in the map below:

(Click on Image for more information)

ISO/TC 279 operates under the following scope: Standardization of terminology tools and methods and interactions between relevant parties to enable innovation.  From its Executive Summary:

“Yes we can innovate through standardisation. Standardization does not mean cloning. Standards on innovation management will allow organisations to share their best practices in innovation management. This will facilitate collaboration and also develop the capability to innovate and to bring innovations successfully to market. Today we face new challenges never met before by mankind: guaranteeing the sustainability of our activities in keeping our Earth habitable. Sustainable development (economic, ecologic, social sustainability) cannot be considered as ‘nice to have’, it is essential. It has to be viewed as a source of innovations, economic development and competiveness. It impacts innovation management and has to be taken into account at an early stage. Innovation is a key to global competitiveness and human or technological progress over the coming decades. Management Standards on innovation will break down the existing cultural, structural or organisational obstacles among/between organisations. These standards will provide best practices to support implementation of innovation policies as well in Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) as in worldwide groups including public institutions, universities, research centres or non-profit organisations. (Note in ISO, SME can mean Subject Matter Expert)

To achieve this goal the work will focus on a management system for innovation. To define this management system, experts will address: terminology, tools and methods such as but not limited to open innovation, design innovation, strategic intelligence, creativity management and also self-assessment of innovation management. Expectations for these standards are so high that there is no time to reinvent the wheel. TC 279 has to benefit from the previous work, including existing innovation literature, existing innovation standards, case studies, academic works, reports…) Summoning up the innovation community is a key factor. To make more and more stakeholders aware of this initiative communications action (communication kits, presence on social networks, press releases, events…) needs a special care.”           

Organizations interested in serving as the U.S. TAG Administrator or participating on a U.S. TAG should contact ANSI’s ISO Team (isot@ansi.org)


Issue: [17-303]

Category: Academics, International

Contact: Mike Anthony (mike@standardsmichigan.com), Christine Fischer (chrisfis@umich.edu)


Towards Crafting Beer with Artificial Intelligence

Beer was discovered accidentally as a result of grains being left in water and undergoing fermentation. The process of making beer involves converting the starches in grains (such as barley or wheat) into sugars, which are then fermented by yeast to produce alcohol.  It was often consumed as a safer alternative to water, which could be contaminated with disease-causing pathogens. 

Beer was also used in religious ceremonies and was considered a valuable commodity for trade.  Over time, beer-making techniques spread throughout the world, and different regions developed their own unique styles of beer; now supported by artificial intelligence algorithms that analyze chemical compounds to identify specific flavor and aroma profiles for more nuanced flavors.

Towards Crafting Beer with Artificial Intelligence

Marc Bravin, et al

Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Rotkreuz, Switzerland


Abstract:  The art of brewing beer has a long tradition that dates back to the very dawn of civilization. While the brewing process has been automated to a great extent, the creation of new beer recipes remains the result of creativity and human expertise with only minor support from software to validate chemical constraints. We collected a dataset of 157,000 publicly available recipes from all over the world and created a transformer-based model to support the creative process in brewing by suggesting new beer recipe templates. As a proof of concept, we crafted the IPA “Deeper” along a recipe generated by our model. Over 100 international newspapers and radio stations have reported on the first AI-crafted beer from Switzerland over the past few months. For the first time, this paper reveals the underlying pipeline architecture of eight transformer networks trained end-to-end that made this remarkable success possible.

CLICK HERE for complete paper

There are several international organizations and agreements that set standards for beer production and labeling:

Food Safety Management

Codex Alimentarius

Medical Practice Electrical equipment

“The Agnew Clinic” | Thomas Eakins (1889)


International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Committee TC 62 prepares international standards and other publications concerning electrical equipment, electrical systems and software used in healthcare and their effects on patients, operators, other persons and the environment.  As such the work of this parent committee — which has broad implications for comparatively cash-rich multi-national medical equipment manufacturers — coordinates the work of several subcommittees; listed below:

62A Common aspects of medical equipment, software and systems

62B Medical imaging equipment, software and systems

62C Equipment for radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and radiation dosimetry

62D Particular medical equipment, software and systems

Germany is Global the Secretariat.  The Business Plan is linked below:

IEC TC 62 Strategic Business Plan 2021 February

The U.S National Committee of the International Electrotechnical Commission serves as the focal point for U.S parties who are interested in the development, promulgation, and use of globally relevant standards for the electrotechnical industry. The USNC is also engaged in the assessment of conformance to standards, undertaking work in areas such as testing, certification, and accreditation.  Tony Zertuche is ANSI’s point person (zertuche@ansi.org) and we encourage you to communicate directly with Tony for the most up-to-date information.

We coordinate our response to the development of IEC titles in this domain with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets 4 times monthly in European and American time zones.  When there are Committee Draft for Votes released for public consultation (CDV) we coordinate our responses with experts active in IEEE globally.

Since the scope of this committee’s work involves products (in the main) we rank it in the middle of our priority tier.  Our primary interest lies with interoperability standards, all the while recognizing that there is very little difference in the way education communities respond to IEC standard proposals than the way all other stakeholders would respond.  At the risk of understatement medical research and clinical healthcare delivery are a large part of the revenue of many university systems so that is why we track these titles and others.


We maintain work flow of this committee on our Health, Electrical and Nursing colloquia.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

23 November 2021


Earlier this year one of the subcommittees of International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Committee 62 (IEC TC/62) released a redline (candidate revision) for public consultation:

IEC 63120 ED1: Refurbishment of medical electrical equipment, medical electrical systems and sub-assemblies and reuse of components as part of the extended life-cycle.   

We found similar concepts running through the literature among United States consensus product developers; notably the IEEE, NFPA and NEMA.  Re-use, reconditioning, recycling of electrical equipment is a priority that can contribute to the safety and sustainability agenda of healthcare enterprises in education communities so we follow it; vigilant for excessive market-making by incumbent verticals.

The comment period lapsed on March 27th but we will likely see more action in the technical committees receiving proposals from vertical incumbents making markets in medical equipment replacement parts.   We track development of this and other IEC titles on our provisional workspace*:

Collaborative Workspace for IEC Consensus Products

University affiliated medical research and healthcare delivery enterprises are large stakeholders in this domain so we keep pace by collaborating with other experts affiliated with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee (E&H) and the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society.

We encourage our colleagues working in university-affiliated healthcare enterprises to interact directly with the IEC by setting up a Commenting Account to access the redline linked below:

Common aspects of electrical equipment used in medical practice equipment

It is our custom to follow the lead of the the US National Committee to the International Electrotechnical Commission (USNA/IEC) primarily, though we have significant professional relationships with academic scholars in other nations through the IEEE Standards Association and the E&H Committee.  We are happy to discuss any consensus product, any day at 11 AM Eastern time, however the expertise for responding to invitations for public comment like this is usually present during the E&H Committee meetings which take place four times monthly in European and American time zones.

Issue: [11-66]

Category: Electrical, Healthcare Facilities, International

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Giuseppe Parise, Luigi Parise, Massimo Mitolo

*This is a carry-over workspace from the original University of Michigan facility standards enterprise — @StandardsUMich — and has been re-purposed for educational use and collaboration with the IEEE E&H Committee and the IEEE Engineering in Medical and Biology Society



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