Today we review the literature informing the safety and sustainability agenda of sport enterprises in education communities. School districts have hundreds of playgrounds, gymnasiums and playgrounds. Athletic departments are very visible enterprises; particularly at large colleges and universities with varsity teams that have long been “farm clubs” for professional sport companies.
This facility class is far more complicated (technically) than classroom facilities; closer to research and healthcare delivery enterprises in risk aggregation when you consider how many people are involved as spectators.
There are no fewer than 25 ANSI-accredited standards-setting organizations with a catalog of titles in this domain. We expanded the detail to some of the titles to enlighten understanding the complexity of these spaces:
Acoustical Society of America
American Institute of Steel Construction
Structural Steel Cantilivers for Sport Facilities
American Iron and Steel Institute
American Society of Civil Engineers
Athletic Field Lighting Standards Committee
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
Standard 90.1-2019, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings
Standard 189.1-2020, Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings
ASTM International (ANSI’s US TAG to ISO/TC 83)*
Committee F08 on Sports Equipment, Playing Surfaces, and Facilities
American Society of Safety Engineers
American Water Works Association
Swimming advisories for Microcystins and Cylindrospermopsin
Association for Challenge Course Technology
Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International
Audiovisual and Integrated Experience Association
Building Industry Consulting Service International
Building Performance Institute
2021 IAPMO Solar, Hydronics and Geothermal, Swimming Pool, Spa and Hot Tub Codes
Illumination Engineering Society
RP-6-20: Sports and Recreational Area Lighting
Institut für Sportbodentechnik
Criteria for the Development of Guidelines/Standards for Sports Surfaces
International Code Council
International Building Code
§ Section 302 Occupancy Classification and Use Designation
§ Section 303 Assembly Group A
§ Section 305 Educational Group E
International Energy Conservation Code
Class IV facilities consisting of elementary school and recreational facilities; and amateur league and high school facilities without provisions for spectators
§ 301 Climate Zones
§ C405 Electrical Power and Lighting Requirements
§ 405.3 Interior lighting power requirements
ICC 300-2017: Standard for Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, and Grandstands
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
The application research of virtual reality technology in emergency evacuation simulation of sports stadium
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Comparison of Three Timing Systems: Reliability and Best Practice Recommendations in Timing Short-Duration Sprints
National Fire Protection Association
National Electrical Code
Article 518 Assembly Occupancies
Chapter 7 Special Conditions
Chapter 8 Communications Systems
National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
Recreational Water / Pools / Spas
Synthetic Turf Council
….And so on. We approach federal regulations during a separate colloquium.
Facilities of this type are among the most visible physical assets of any school district, college or university.
Our daily colloquia are open to everyone. Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.
*ASTM activity in this domain involves more product conformance and less facility integrated systems (our primary interest)
* Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy (1888-1973) was a German-American philosopher, social thinker, and linguist. He was born in Berlin, Germany, and was raised in a Jewish family. Rosenstock-Huessy studied law, theology, and philosophy in Berlin, but his studies were interrupted by World War I. During the war, he served as a lieutenant in the German army and was taken prisoner by the Russian army.
After the war, Rosenstock-Huessy continued his studies and became a professor of law and sociology at the University of Breslau. He was forced to leave Germany in 1933 because of his opposition to the Nazi regime, and he emigrated to the United States. In the United States, Rosenstock-Huessy continued his academic work and became a professor of social philosophy at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.
Rosenstock-Huessy’s work focused on the role of language in shaping human culture and social institutions. He believed that language was not just a means of communication but was also a way of creating and organizing social relations. His ideas had a significant influence on the development of linguistic phenomenology and hermeneutics.
Some of his notable works include “Out of Revolution: Autobiography of Western Man”, “Speech and Reality”, and “The Christian Future, or the Modern Mind Outrun”.