mike@standardsmichigan.com | Standards Michigan

Author Archives: mike@standardsmichigan.com



“Tableau III” (1914) / Piet Mondrian

Blockchain technology is changing the financial underpinnings of all economic sectors including the education industry in every nation.   Accordingly, the International Standardization Organization has set up a relatively new technical committee — ISO/TC 307, blockchain and distributed ledger technologies — to meet the need for standardization in this area by providing internationally agreed ways of working with blockchain and distributed ledger technology to improve security, privacy and facilitate worldwide use of the technology through the highest possible level of interoperability.

The consensus products emerging TC 307  will be relevant not only to not only education industry trade associations who claim an educational/accreditation mission but to college and university marketing departments  that can, and should be interested in the ISO 307 products if for no other reason that to secure their claim to mastery of (in the argot of the moment) the most “woke” technologies for students and parents.   The executive summary and global participation map is linked below:



In our nearly 20 year involvement in United States consensus products that affect the cost of the education industry; and nearly 20 year involvement in international standards promulgated by the ISO, IEC and ITU we find that early drafts of international standards are fairly dilutive; owing to the need to find agreed-upon definitions and the need to assemble an informed, durable and funded group of subject matter experts that can withstand the long-haul.  A few of the focus areas we recommend for leaders of #SmartCampus are listed below:

• Legally binding smart contracts
• Interactions between smart contracts in blockchain and distributed ledger technology systems
• Discovery issues related to interoperability
• Guidelines for governance

These are the ongoing focus areas of various committees that appear to contribute to building a foundation for lower cost in the education industry.  We will keep a weather-eye out for blockchain standard disruption of school district, college and university bond funding mechanisms.  The network of stakeholders involved in education facility funding may be an application of blockchain technology that should be investigated.   As always, we will try to separate speculative hype from proven, practical approaches to reducing cost.


Standards Australia is the Global Secretariat.  Our US colleagues are encouraged to communicate directly with ANSI’s ISO Team and/or the  Chair of the US Technical Advisory Group  InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards, 1101 K Street NW, Suite 610, Washington, DC 20005, Phone: (202) 626-5737.  This standard is on the agenda of both our International and Finance & Management standards monthly teleconference during which time we sort through the issues in play that affect the education industry specifically.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.


Issue: [17-351]

Category: Finance & Management, International

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben


Ledger Insights: ISO blockchain standards planned for 2021

Student Competition / Standards for Digital Transformation

University of Glasgow

Do you have a vision or ideas of how will digital technologies shape our future? And how can standards help us build the best possible future? Make a 60 to 90 second video for the chance to win prize money, plus a trip to Glasgow for a once in a lifetime opportunity to attend the ISO and EURAS events.


Entries are due 15 April 2020.

Call for Members

“A medieval missionary tells that he has found the point where heaven and Earth meet…” CLICK IMAGE


As ANSI’s United States Technical Advisory Group Leader, the International Committee on Information Technology Standards must manage review drafts originating from Geneva. The IEC develops its consensus products in relatively smaller parcels which means that public review drafts tend to be released in batches of 10 to 100 at a time. Hard to keep up with but we try; focusing on consensus products incorporated by reference into codes, standards and regulations at the state and federal level.   A broad overview of INCITS ICT standards setting activity is linked below:

INCITS Public Groups Area

From our vantage of nearly 25 years representing the education facility industry in the global standards system, INCITS ranks high on our list of accredited standards developers who do the best job seeking user-interest participation in their standards suite*.  And, like other accredited standards developers, it struggles to find them.   The global standards system has an oversupply of Producer and Conformance interests and scant participation by the User interest (See our ABOUT).

For this reason, we collaborate closely with the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, the world’s largest professional organization for the world’s most transformative technologies.  Every 12 hours our algorithm picks up commenting opportunities relevant to the business side of the education industry and redirects them to the subject matter experts in the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets 4 times monthly in European and American time zones.

This much said, we always encourage direct participation in INCITS standards setting activity and in its administrative role as the US TAG to ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1.   CLICK HERE to get started on your own.

We meet several times a month on ICT and International standards.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.



Freely available ISO/IEC JTC1 Standards





WASHINGTON, March 18, 2020—The Federal Communications Commission today announced important changes to the Rural Health Care (RHC) and E-Rate programs that will make it easier for broadband providers to support telehealth and remote learning efforts during the coronavirus pandemic. Specifically, the FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau has waived the gift rules until September 30, 2020 to enable service providers to offer, and RHC and ERate program participants to solicit and accept, improved connections or additional equipment for telemedicine or remote learning during the coronavirus outbreak.

Federal Communications Commission Headquarters / Washington, D.C.



Q&A / Evolving Statement on COVID-19 Preparedness & Response


Q&A / Evolving Statement on COVID-19 Preparedness & Response


This page locks in a placeholder for content that may guide decision-making for leaders in the education and university-affiliated healthcare facility industry.   It address two issues only:

  • Temporary use of student dormitories for contagious patient care
  • Sudden uptick in broadband demand for off-campus learning and working

At the moment, this page is a re-direct from the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee until the content can be formatted for the IEEE content management systems.  Time sensitive content informing the global COVID-19 response challenges the business models of many non-profit organizations.   “Pardon Our Dust” as we are fond of saying.

We provide this information on this website temporarily until subject matter experts in the various IEEE Societies are drawn into the conversation.  We place “lorem ipsum” in passages that will be receiving more detailed response in the near future.


Q1.  To what degree, if any, should now empty square-footage in student residence facilities be used for COVID-19 response?

A. (Mike Anthony).  At the risk of discouraging anyone’s imagination and best intent I would steer decision-makers away from this option for inpatient contagious respiratory disease care.   Such use would likely be more suited to housing healthcare support personnel; not direct patient care.   Dormitories have facilities that can provide child care to front line caregivers.

Military-style “pop up” facilities are built quickly for the type of care needed for military injuries; not necessarily for influenza care (though military biohazard facilities would likely be tricked out in a manner needed for treating patients with less contagious forms influenza).   Nothing is impossible, however.  Where there is a will, there’s a way.

A. (Jim Harvey).  Getting occupancy certification might be tricky.  Conformity and inspection will likely be complicated.  Lorem ipsum.

A. (Mike Anthony).  To add to Jim’s point:  We assume that conformity to the power system reliability criteria found in NFPA 99 and NEC Articles 517 and 701 would be relaxed.  Some of the CMS K-TAG requirements might be worth revisiting; (www.iccsafe.org content) linked below:


The most knowledgeable people for a temporary conversion will likely be front-line healthcare facility engineering experts such as Jim Harvey, Matt Dozier and Jonathan Flannery.  All of them are contributing content to this page.

A. (Robert G. Arno).   The HVAC systems found in medical facilities have a distinctive design criteria to limit the spread of infectious disease. Included is the standard requirements, such as IEEE White  Book requirements for emergency power, are specific requirements for a sustainable system. These are designed to limit the spread of disease while providing for the best care to the patient. Dormitories are not designed to these specific requirements and usually have HVAC systems common to the entire facility. Unless significant modifications are imposed the risk of spreading a air born disease is not curtailed. If dormitories have separate HVAC systems for each room similar to modern Hotels this maybe a consideration, but the common areas would need to be limited accessibility for medical personnel only.

A. (Richard Robben).   Re-purposing a portion of a dormitory requires attention to air handling systems; notably air management system requirements for contagious diseases.   Also, patient care settings have space set aside for staging patient care.    Typical dormitory room arrangements do not have this; though workarounds are possible.

A. (Jonathan Flannery).  The use of hotels for contagious patient care may be more appropriate than college and university dormitories.    The American Society of Healthcare Engineers will soon have recommendation to facility leaders contemplating use of student dormitories for contagious patient care.   CLICK HERE


Q2.  How do we prepare for step function uptake in bandwidth demand (i.e. “internet pressure”) on curriculum and business operations?

A. (Mike Hiler).  Campus environments differ (Choose wisely) in the way bandwidth is delivered. I know of one University who use infrastructure provided by others to facilitate between healthcare facilities.  Others have developed a self-sufficient topology interconnecting their university-affiliated healthcare facilities.  More detail to follow.

A. (Mike Anthony)  I know of at least one Australian University (Monash University) that is measuring internet pressure that may guide decisions (i.e capitalization decisions) but, to the best of my knowledge, this simply identifies the current state of internet traffic.   Recall the adage: “If you can measure it, you can improve it”.

The FCC has a measurement program for broadband performance which includes the performance of residential access but I do not know of any actionable information that would, for example, improve access speeds now.   It is likely that data gathered from FCC and Monash University programs will inform capitalization decisions by internet service providers.

Keep in mind that many research universities run de-facto public utilities for information technology and “may” be able to steer away some educational communities away from global bandwidth stress.   Since it is likely that off-site learning will be changed forever after this, please forward any anecdotal information to @IEEECampus so that the question may be re-directed to a subject matter expert.

Standards Michigan was aware of at least one educational unit that did not have access to teleconferencing facilities so it made its teleconferencing facility available to any educational unit 24/7 outside of its own daily 11 AM/EDT teleconferences.  That offer still stands.

If there are bandwidth bottlenecks, instructors should consider rationing video conferencing and move at least some instruction time on telephone conferences.  Virtual private networks may be a partial solution.

A. William McCoy (Verizon).  What should be considered is equipment and technology should be evolved not revolved and managing to lifecycle cost and not first cost should be the approach. Wireless and the 5G technology is the basis of the future for IoT which should more than address the needs of the healthcare industry.

A. (IEEE Communications Society).  Lorem ipsum


Q3. How do we configure the virtual private network to reduce bottlenecks in internet use for instructional purposes?

A. (Mike Hiler). The switching equipment found on Major Universities can be configured to accomplish this.   More detail to follow.


Q4.  What type of power system modifications would be involved re-purposing dormitories for direct patient care?

A. (Matt Dozier).  There are a couple of scenarios, one being a long term renovation/conversion of a facility to provide health care. Under this scenario, system modifications as you mention will be somewhat extensive to conform with standards and codes.

A second scenario is a temporary use conversion of a facility to provide care response following or during a catastrophic event or crisis. In this case, compromises are knowingly accepted in conformance with practice standards to address urgent needs. We have done this following catastrophic events (hurricanes, flooding). Under these circumstances, temporary generators can be connected through transfer means to provide back-up power for entire buildings or wings of buildings. Think “whole house” generators. The response is driven by the urgent nature of the crisis and code compliance is temporarily suspended by choice due to the crisis.  

This second scenario is only considered as a temporary measure and can only be entered into with full knowledge of the risk-reward aspects of the decisions and cooperation of authorities.

Regarding the first question, similar concerns exist relative to the nature of the crisis and duration of the event. Granted the HVAC systems can not support infectious isolation but we (IEEE) should not be rendering directions/recommendation as we are not experts; ASHRAE and others should address any possible temporary uses in a catastrophic circumstance. I don’t disagree we can offer caution but we should direct any of those questions to others. We should stick to our knowledge/experience base.


Q5.  What would workarounds for reconfiguring fairly standard residential class electric service (in a typical dormitory) to meet an elevated requirement for reliability of outlets at patient bedside? 

A. (Robert G. Arno).   I have no doubt that the USACE can configure dormitories into make shift hospitals but will the electrical infrastructure support the necessary load?. These facilities were not build to Hospital standards especially for emergency power. What medical equipment will be necessary to support infected patients to ensure that the correct treatment is being applied. What is a typical load requirements. Article 517 of the NFPA has a series of requirements for health care facilities that dormitories do not. For example in Part II of 517 it identifies requirements for wiring and protection in patient care areas (defined in 516.2). It does not apply to business offices, corridors, waiting rooms or similar areas in clinics, medical and dental offices, and outpatient facilities, nursing home and limited care facility areas used exclusively for patient sleeping. A major goal of Part II is to prevent electrical shock. In healthcare applications, people’s bodies are often in direct contact with energized equipment. Thus, Part II provides extensive grounding and bonding requirements-even for something as ordinary as a receptacle. The bottom line is Article 517 identifies a completely different power infrastructure that what is required for dormitories. Mike Holt Industries has published a summary that goes into more detail and some of there comments are referenced here.

Anytime you visit a hospital you will notice the red receptacles. These are emergency power receptacle designed to maintain power the medical equipment even during a power outage. These emergency power systems have a high Reliability requirement to not only provide emergency power but also supply that power in a matter of seconds. In article 708 of the NEC code it describes the suggested requirements for Critical Operating Power systems. Reliability is a major consideration for critical systems and hospitals being part of that system.

Dormitories are just not built to these standards and unless the infrastructure is modified present a concern to the safety of the patients. In emergency situations you must do what is best for the population. But I think everyone should be aware of the issues as pointed out.




IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee


NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap

IEEE On the impact of MOOCs on engineering education

FCC Report on Consumer Fixed Broadband Performance in the United States


Bibliography:  Note that some content originates at a single source and is distributed to local subscribers with some local modifications.

Colleges offering dorms as hospital overflow for virus cases

The University Libraries increases sanitization of facilities in response to COVID-19

Cuomo Proposes Converting SUNY Dorm Beds into Hospital Beds





Emergency Shower & Eyewash Testing

The Alchemist’s Laboratory – After the Picture of Breughel the Elder, engraved by Cock (Sixteenth Century) (1878)


We found one university-affiliated hospital with ~900 beds

was monitoring compliance of ~900 eyewash stations

— i.e. an eyewash station for every “paying customer”


Since 2013 we have struggled for years to install performance-based inspection, testing and maintenance methods into this particular regulatory product developed by the International Safety Equipment Association which is intended to protect occupants from chemicals needed in classrooms, research laboratories and healthcare delivery settings:

Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Stations: ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2014

Performance-based standards, common in safety assurance regimes elsewhere in the world, permit site-specific risk calibration based on national, state, or scientific guidelines, benchmarking against similar organizations, the public’s or leaders’ expectations, or other methods.

Performance standards permit organizations responsible for worker safety to scale their conformance resources across a fully dimensioned risk-space.  In other words, in many organizations, there may be far greater risks that require remediation than the eyewash and emergency shower stations that must be installed every 75 feet, supplied with water between 68 and 72 degrees, and tested every week (CLICK HERE for more information about plumbing higher education laboratories).

Prescriptive standards, on the other hand, require fixed interval inspection testing and maintenance (i.e. chargeable time).  Prescriptive standards are comparatively easy for compliance officers to enforce compared with performance standards.

We assert, without hesitation, that prescriptive standards make litigation easier.  Risk management professionals in higher education are characterized, broadly speaking, by their risk aversion.  Nothing necessarily wrong with that but many organizations are unable to finance the resources for a cross-cutting point of view that hastens decisions on balancing risk.  Inspection expertise is organized into “silos” which do not offer well-meaning safety inspectors a fully dimensioned view of risk across the full sweep of assets and operations.

In laboratory chemical safety, the dominant standard for emergency showers and eyewashes is the subject ISEA consensus product; widely referenced in many other related consensus products.   Like many ISEA consensus products, it is developed according to ANSI’s Canvass Method of standards development; not our favorite method for the user-interest in leading practice discovery but better than no method at all.

Of the two technologies covered in this product we find that the emergency shower requirement is especially burdensome; though safety equipment manufacturers have developed products to reduce the testing risk.


Late last year ISEA released a public request for data to inform the 2019 revision as described in the link below:

ANSI -ISEA Z358.1 Drench Shower Validation RFQ

In early 2020 ISEA announced that it is assembling another canvass committee to re-affirm  Z358.1 .  The word “re-affirm” may well indicate that the updated revision will be identical to the previous version; maybe not.  ISEA expects to initiate consensus balloting by the end of 1Q 2020.

ISEA Seeking Consensus Panel Participants on Emergency Eyewash/Shower Voluntary Industry Standard

We encourage our colleagues in the education facility industry to communicate directly with Christine Fargo (cfargo@safetyequipment.org).  The landing page for standards action on other ISEA consensus products is linked below:

ISEA Standards

We are happy to drill into any consensus product affecting #TotalCostofOwnership of the safety and sustainability agenda of the education facility industry any day at 11 AM Eastern time.  Additionally, we also host a dedicated work session on Laboratory Safety and Sustainability and our Risk Management standards teleconferences.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.

Issue: [13-28] and [16-69]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben, Mark Schaufele, Ron George


Archive / ISEA 358.1



S. 1750 / Clean School Bus Grant Program

Photo by Architect of the Capitol | Left: The teacher and children in a “little red schoolhouse” represent an important part of American education in the 1800s.
Right: Students attend a land grant college, symbolic of the national commitment to higher learning.


Transportation & Parking

Original Artwork by Ernest Zacharevic | Remix by Peng Phye

Today at 11 AM Eastern time we walk through action in codes, standards and regulations affecting school district, college and university-affiliated transportation and parking facilities and systems.   Open to everyone.  Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.

Commenting opportunities on transportation technologies relevant to the education facility industry are also covered by the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets 4 times monthly in European and American time zones.

Agenda / Transportation & Parking

Open for Comment

This post is in the process of being re-coded to synchronize with our public commenting tracking algorithm. The technical substance is here but we are working to make it easier for our colleagues to keep pace and interact with it.


Our algorithm slices horizontally through the “silos” of the better part of one thousand consensus products developed by accredited and open source standards developers every day.  About $300 billion US education facility industry spend is in play.

We understand that by doing so we risk “stepping on the toes” of several hundred organizations that have been running the silos for decades.   It is not our intent to disrupt their business model; but to fill a canyon-like gap in the global standards system by offering curated content to the user-interest (typically the source of incumbent stakeholder revenue stream) in a manner that enlightens a path toward increased safety and reduced cost.

One of the reasons we host daily “open door” teleconferences is that much of the content we curate is politically, economically and time sensitive.   Much of the content we curate moves so fast there is scant time to nail it in place in a document or blog post.

Links to proposed changes to them with deadlines that can practically be met within the next 90 days are grouped according to topics on the agenda of our daily teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR

Keep in mind that even though a commenting opportunity deadline has past, every ANSI-accredited standards developer welcomes public input from any interest category at any time.   Even more welcome is data.  Two good things can happen:

a) A member of the committee, sometimes even the leader of the committee, can place the late public comment on the forthcoming committee meeting agenda as a late item worthy of discussion and use.

b) The late public comment is automatically entered as new public input at the front end of the following revision cycle.  That could be 3 years or 5 years but the idea itself is generally not lost.

For this reason, based upon our 25+ year experience with most accredited standards developers; we will maintain an item on this scan a few days beyond the deadline.  Note that in the links below; some consensus products fall into more than one category.


March 30, 2020

Open for Comment / Transportation & Parking


March 31, 2020

Open for Comment / Finance & Management


Open for Comment / Campus Security

Open for Comment / Planning, Architectural

Open for Comment / Information & Communications Technology

Open for Comment / Electrical Power

Open for Comment / Mechanical & Plumbing


Energy Standard for Data Centers

Energy Efficiency Improvements



IAPMO Z1002 Rainwater Harvesting Tanks [Comments due April 6th]

NSF 350, Onsite Residential and Commercial Water Reuse Treatment Systems [Comments due April 6th]

Occupational Safety & Security/Laboratory Safety & Sustainability/Risk Management

Emergency Shower & Eyewash Testing

Active Shooter & Hostile Event Response Program

Drone Safety

Sports & Recreation


Pool, Spa and Recreational Water Standards / Comments Due April 26th

Sports Equipment, Playing Surfaces & Facilities


Fire Safety

Portable Fire Extinguishers


Arts & Entertainment


Theater Safety Standards



AAMI ST79-2017/A.3 and 4-202X, Comprehensive guide to steam sterilization and sterility assurance in health care facilities [Comments due March 22nd]

Medical Instrumentation

Real-Time Prescription Benefit Standard

Medical Practice Electrical equipment



Federal Food Code

3-A Sanitary




NSF International




Human Resources / Management


Facilities Fire & Life Safety Director Professional Qualifications

5G Technology Workshop with ASEAN countries


Not all public commenting opportunities relevant to the safety and sustainability agenda of the education facility industry appear in “ANSI Standards Action”. Many standards of best practice show up in open-source platforms; particularly ICT and IoT standards. In many economic spaces, privately-developed consensus products compete with local, state and federal legislative proposals.

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