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S. 704 Disaster Safe Power Grid Act of 2021

117th Congress Swearing In Floor Proceedings – January 3, 2021, House Chamber



Today we update our scan of the literature for disaster avoidance, disaster management and disaster recovery.   We side-step the over-arching topic of the COVID-19 disaster because leading practice discovery and promulgation is well covered elsewhere.

Disaster is Big Business in the education industry and others.   The US Economic Development Administration tracks its growth (CLICK HERE).

The disaster “domain” is characterized by niche vertical incumbents that have secured a silo of stakeholders that support a business model that has generally proven successful.

You cannot avoid many disasters but you can prepare for them.

We start with the titles developed by ANSI-accredited standards setting organizations and, time-permitting, we will review legislative proposals which fill the risk exposure gaps that standard setting organizations cannot.  A few of those titles are covered in our Imperium colloquium.

A small sample of the less familiar (but no less solid) standards setting organizations in the disaster domain are listed below:

APCO International

ARMA International

Disaster Recovery Institute International

Emergency Management Accreditation Program

FM Global

Infrastructure Security Partnership

The Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification

National Air Duct Cleaners Association

National Disaster Preparedness Consortium

…as well as the familiar incumbents — NFPA, IEEE, ICC, etc.  All of the foregoing non-profits have extensive disaster bibliographies.

Open to everyone.  Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.

Standing Agenda / Disaster

Risk Assessment in Emergency Facilities



Critical Operations Power Systems: Improving Risk Assessment in Emergency Facilities with Reliability Engineering

University of Michigan | Ann Arbor, Michigan
HP Critical Facilities Services | Bethesda, Maryland
Mark Beirne

DLB Associates | Chicago, Illinois

Abstract. The key feature of this article is the application of quantitative method for evaluating risk and conveying the results into a power system design that is scaled according to hazards present in any given emergency management district. These methods employ classical lumped parameter modeling of power chain architectures and can be applied to any type of critical facility, whether it is a stand-alone structure, or a portion of stand-alone structure, such as a police station or government center. This article will provide a risk assessment roadmap for one of the most common critical facilities that should be designated as COPS per NEC 708-a 911 call center. The existing methods of reliability engineering will be used in the risk assessment.


* Robert Schuerger is the lead author on this paper

CLICK HERE to order complete article: IEEE Industry Applications Magazine | Volume 19 Issue 5 • Sept.-Oct.-2013



Our algorithm smashes through an expanding constellation of best practice literature released by thousands of global standard-setting every day.  These organizations throw off the better part of 10,000 titles relevant to the safety and sustainability agenda of education communities everywhere.  Education communities are the foundation for every industry in every economic sector in every nation on earth.  Many of these titles compete with proposals in the same, or in a similar domain as regulatory titles produced by incumbent verticals working the levers of government.

The complexity of the global standards system is run by incumbent verticals that have the money to master it.  Labor, manufacturers, insurance and conformance organizations are the ruling oligarchy in the global standards system; the same as it is in the governments of every nation.  As we explain in our ABOUT; their free run of the markets is not their fault.  It is fault of the user-interest to participate in the private standards system.


“The tyranny of a prince in an oligarchy

is not so dangerous to the public welfare

as the apathy of a citizen in a deomcracy

— Montesquieu, Spirit of the laws


“Administrivia” is characteristic of the standardization domain which, necessarily, requires an outsized measure of resources are devoted to due process and procedure.  Private standards developers (ANSI accredited, consortia, ad hoc, and the like) compete with government agencies for hegemony over nearly every economic domain; though the National Technology Transfer & Advancement Act of 1996 (NTTAA) places limits on this.  Alas, as with all legislation — particularly at the federal level —  there are well-worn paths through the workarounds.  The NTTAA may well be the best any nation can do to level the playing field for the user-interest.

Our daily colloquia are typically doing sessions.  During these doing sessions we assume policy objectives are established (Safer-Simpler-Lower-Cost, Longer-Lasting).   Because we necessarily get into the weeds we usually have to schedule a separate time slot to get the nouns and verbs in place.

We’ve been doing this since 1993 and the system works (See our ABOUT).


Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова

Fast Forward

Consultation Calendar


Tuesday | May 11 | 15:00 UTC


We will dwell on the disaster-related concepts listed below; concepts that were in play during the ICC Group A Public Hearings, ended earlier this month.

IBC § 423.5.1 | G97-21| Occupant load for storm shelters

IBC § 716.2.6.1, et al | FS85-21 | Fire doors in storm shelters

IBC § 202, et. al | G94-21 | Expansion of storm shelter concepts to “severe windstorms”

IBC § 423.4.1 | G96-21, et. al | Critical emergency operations; schools as storm shelters; required occupancy capacity

IBC § 423.4 | G96-21| Critical emergency operations; occupant load for storm shelters

Time permitting, we will pick through action in the FMGlobal bibliography.  Also, the complexities of deploying “drone” technology for public safety; covered by NFPA 2400 Standard for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems.

Property Loss Prevention

Wednesday | May 12 | 15:00 UTC


Thursday | May 13 | 15:00 UTC


Friday | May 14 | 15:00 UTC


Saturday | May 15


Sunday | May 16


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* Many best practice titles emerge from consortia and open-source platforms; especially so in information and communications technology domains.  In many economic spaces, privately-developed consensus products compete with local, state and federal legislative proposals.

Community Risk Assessment

Château de Meudon

We have advocated education community risk management concepts since 2007; primarily in NFPA Standard 1600 — Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity/Continuity of Operations Programs.  The content of this title is close-coupled with FEMA’s National Incident Management System.   

Recently the National Fire Protection Association Standards Council moved to consolidate its community risk management titles as described below.  

“NFPA 1660 is in a custom cycle due to the Emergency Response and Responder Safety Document Consolidation Plan (consolidation plan) as approved by the NFPA Standards Council.  As part of the consolidation plan, NFPA 1660 (combining Standards NFPA 1600, NFPA 1616, and NFPA 1620) is open for public input with a closing date of November 13, 2020.”

Thus, NFPA 1600 is being sunsetted as a separate consensus product, its substance rolled into the new NFPA 1660.  Two links below provide a sense of the back-and-forth in the technical committee meetings:



Discussion about school and university security are noteworthy.

As described on its title page, this product will be reconfigured as NFPA 1660 Standard on Community Risk Assessment, Pre-Incident Planning, Mass Evacuation, Sheltering, and Re-entry Programs.   The title suggests that NFPA 1660 is being developed to meet market need for conformance and teaching tools.  You may track movement in the concepts in the links below; many of them administrative:

Emergency Management and Business Continuity

Mass Evacuation and Sheltering

Pre-Incident Planning 

NFPA 1660 will likely require one or two more revision cycles to stabilize

Public consultation closes November 12th.  You may submit public input directly to NFPA by CLICKING HERE.  We will have hosted several Security colloquia ahead of this deadline during which we will drill into technical and policy specifics.

University of Tennessee


We maintain this title on our periodic Security, Disaster and Risk colloquia during which time  our thoughts on the economic burden of the expanding constellation of risk management standards will be known.  Thoughts that we are reluctant to write.   See our  CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [13-58] and [18-151]

Category: Security, Risk

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Robert G. Arno, Jim Harvey, Richard Robben

MORE >> Disaster Resiliency and NFPA Codes and Standards

ARCHIVE / Emergency Management and Business Continuity


Blockchain Application for Disaster Management

Siddhartha wins at Mathematics at Borobudur

Mohit Singh Panesir

Graduate School of the University at Buffalo, State University of New York


Natural phenomena such as floods, storms, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides have affected our planet in an unpredictable way. However, these phenomena are merely classified as a hazard when they may affect people and the things they value (Cutter, 2005). The involvement of many agencies and the public is important in planning for disaster relief, in rescuing victims, and in managing the event. A lot of individuals are deprived of help due to poor coordination, late assistance and uneven distribution of food, water, medical assistance, clothes, and vehicles. The need for a proper disaster relief plan is crucial to overcome these challenges. On the other hand, identity theft is one of the most bizarre and rapidly growing crimes present in the world. Identity thieves are active more than ever as the e-commerce trading keeps on growing. Earlier the thieves used to buy pieces and parts of someone’s personal identification information but now they could have hold of everything. Similarly there has been an increase in illegal immigration, smuggling of weapons and terrorist activities noticed in last 2 decades in the United States. This study focuses on the current condition of disaster management, identity theft, border security and controlling the misuse of weapon of mass destruction. It proposes the use of advanced technological methods like Blockchain to overcome the loss of time and cost to provide a quick response to the victims and to provide secure ways to store personal identification information and better national security. The study helps to understand how better disaster management and national security can be achieved by using various use cases and implementation models. By implementing these models, the border security can be improved and proper handling of weapons of mass destruction can also take place.

University at Buffalo


*We have noticed that access to the complete paper has been spotty.   You may communicate directly with the author by CLICKING HERE



Standards Missouri

“Boatmen on the Missouri” 1846 George Caleb Bingham

We continue roll out of our collaboration platform for “code writers and vote-getters” begun at the University of Michigan in 1993.  We are now drilling down into state and local adaptations of nationally developed codes and standards that are incorporated by reference into public safety and sustainability legislation.

Standards Michigan remains the “free” home site but state-specific sites such as Standards Missouri will be accessible to subscribers.   Please send bella@standardsmichigan.com a request to join one of our mailing lists appropriate to your interest for #SmartCampus standards action in the great State of Missouri.


US Census Bureau American Community Interactive Data Map

US Congressional Districts Map

US Senator Interactive Map

Teacher & Licensing Requirements by State

Homeschool Laws by State


Missouri Protects Investors: Be Wary of Bond Ratings

Electronic Municipal Market Access | Missouri

Missouri University of Missouri System Facilities Revenue

Missouri Greene County School District


Building Codes and Construction Statutes in Missouri

Missouri Office of Administration: Facilities Management, Design & Construction

Missouri Electrical Code


Missouri Public Service Commission

Missouri Department of Natural Resources: Division of Energy

Missouri River Energy Services v. FERC

Information & Communication

Missouri Public Service Commission Telecommunications Division

College Radio Stations in Missouri


Kansas City Star: “No, school choice would not defund public schools in Missouri”

Standards Missouri Workspace

Infrastructure at clinical laboratories

117th Congress Swearing In Floor Proceedings – January 3, 2021, House Chamber

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