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Workspace / Fountains


The National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers (NAAMM) provides consensus products for specifications, procedures, and terminology for metal bar grating, expanded metal, hollow metal doors and frames, metal flagpoles, metal stairs and railings, and metal lathing and furring.   As an ANSI accredited standards developer it provides public commenting opportunities on its consensus products; linked below:

NAAMM Standards Home Page

We encourage our colleagues to communicate directly with the standards staff at NAAAM: Vernon (Wes) Lewis, 123 College Place #1101, Norfolk, VA 23510, (757) 489-0787,  At the moment we find no public commenting opportunities but on selected holidays we revisit its flagpole standard.  Keep in mind that this document has a scope that is limited to the product and its appropriate application and maintenance only:

NAAMM Flagpole Specification

The University of Michigan Central Campus flagpole was re-located from the 1893 Chicago Columbian Exposition


The Atlantic: More Than You Ever Wanted to Know About Flag Pole Design


Nursery Stock

“Garden Landscape” | Lucy Bacon (1895)

The purpose of the American Standard for Nursery Stock — ANSI Z60.1 — is to provide buyers and sellers of nursery stock with a common terminology in order to facilitate transactions involving nursery stock.  This standards establishes common techniques for

(a) measuring plants,

(b) specifying and stating the size of plants,

(c) determining the proper relationship between height and caliper, or height and width, and

(d) determining whether a root ball or container is large enough for a particular size plant.

This document — prepared under a grant to ANSI by AmericanHort — is a communication tool for the exchanges of products and services but does not provide buyers with any assurance of the health or quality of the nursery stock being specified or sold.  It does not cover labor resources.

The American Hort standards landing page is linked below:

American Nursery Stock Standards

CLICK HERE for the current edition of ANSI Z60.1 2014

The 2014 revision will enter another revision cycle in 2019 so it is not too early to formulate concepts to advance #TotalCostofOwnership.   Accordingly, we will place this standard on our advocacy agenda for 2019 and begin reaching out to subject matter experts in campus landscaping units.

We invite anyone who has an interest and/or expertise in the condition and appearance of exterior campus ambiance — including the layout and maintenance of campus pathways —  to click in to our Campus Pathways, Lawns & Garden teleconferences.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [18-160]

Category:  Pathways, Lawns & Gardens



“Royal Fireworks 1749” | CLICK ON IMAGE



Simon Werrett | University College London

Fireworks are synonymous with celebration in the twenty-first century. But pyrotechnics—in the form of rockets, crackers, wheels, and bombs—have exploded in sparks and noise to delight audiences in Europe ever since the Renaissance. Here, Simon Werrett shows that, far from being only a means of entertainment, fireworks helped foster advances in natural philosophy, chemistry, mathematics, and many other branches of the sciences.

Fireworks brings to vibrant life the many artful practices of pyrotechnicians, as well as the elegant compositions of the architects, poets, painters, and musicians they inspired. At the same time, it uncovers the dynamic relationships that developed between the many artists and scientists who produced pyrotechnics. In so doing, the book demonstrates the critical role that pyrotechnics played in the development of physics, astronomy, chemistry and physiology, meteorology, and electrical science. Richly illustrated and drawing on a wide range of new sources, Fireworks takes readers back to a world where pyrotechnics were both divine and magical and reveals for the first time their vital contribution to the modernization of European ideas.




Code for Fireworks Display

“Fireworks over Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome” | Jacob Philipp Hackert (1775)

At least twice a year, and during performances with flame effects, public safety departments in colleges and universities have an elevated concern about campus citizen safety, and the safety of the host community, when fireworks are used for celebration.  We find very rigorous prohibitions against the use of fireworks, weapons and explosives on campus.  Education and enforcement usually falls on facility and operation campus safety units.

That much said, we follow development, but do not advocate in NFPA 1123 Code for Fireworks Display, because it lies among a grouping of consensus products that set the standard of care for many college and university public safety departments that sometimes need to craft prohibitions with consideration for the business purposes of entertainment and celebration in education facilities.   NFPA 1123 is not a long document — only 22 pages of core text — but it contains a few basic considerations for display site selection, clearances and permitting that campus public safety departments will coordinate with the host community.  It references NFPA 1126, Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience and NFPA 160 Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience.

Something to keep an eye on.  The home page for this code is linked below; where the scope is given more granularity and where you may also key in your own comments.

NFPA 1123 Code for Fireworks Display

Technical committees writing the first draft of the 2021 have already met and will soon be balloted.  The First Draft of the 2021 revision will be released in February.  Comments on proposed revisions were due May 6, 2020.The Second Draft will be posted no later than January 20, 2021.   Public comment will be due February 17, 2021  

Issue: [16-134]

Category: Public Safety

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben




H.R. 3128 / Collegiate Freedom of Association Act

Washington National Cathedral / Washington D.C.

To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to uphold freedom of association protections, and for other purposes.

Air Conditioning Standards

Ancient Air Conditioning | CLICK ON IMAGE

The Air Conditioning Contractors Association of America (ACCA) is an accredited consensus product developer for the design, maintenance, installation, testing, and performance of indoor environment systems.   We find several ACCA best practice titles referenced as in education facility design guidelines and construction contracts.  Some of its documents form the foundation for the technical curricula in trade schools.  Its consensus product library is linked below:


It welcomes original public input and public comment on its consensus products at the link below:

ACCA Standards Development Home Page

As of this posting the ACCA has not released any of its own consensus products for public comment; but its suite is worth keeping an eye on during the summer months in North America.  We encourage our colleagues to interact directly with the ACCA standards team: Air Conditioning Contractors Association, 2800 Shirlington Rd, Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22206, (703) 575-4477,

We maintain the ACCA suite on the standing agenda of our Mechanical Engineering teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

University of Rochester Central Utilities Plant Absorption Chiller

Issues: [11-67, 15-124, 15-135, 15-165]

Category: Energy, Mechanical

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Larry Spielvogel, Richard Robben



Theater Safety

Set design model by Marcel Jambon for an 1895 Paris production of Giuseppe Verdi’s Otello


“We have art in order not to perish from the truth”

— Friedrich Nietzsche


Demand for live events in college towns — what is now called”entertainment content” — is gathering pace; owed somewhat to an older demographic that prefers expanded social interaction to the online entertainment offerings that the younger demographic prefers*.  We see an expansion of the market in the construction of architecturally astonishing buildings; though the effect of the pandemic remains to be seen.

Today our interest lies in the complex safety and sustainability characteristics of the physical infrastructure — with particular interest in the fire protection, environmental air and electrotechnologies required to make them safe and sustainable.   This facility class is far more complicated technologically and operates at significantly higher risk than, say, classrooms or office space.

The Entertainment Services and Technology Association is one of the first names in trade associations that support the ‘business of show business’ through networking, safe practices, education, and representation.  We follow the standards making activity of its technical committees and monitor public commenting opportunities.  ESTA releases markups of its consensus products for public comment at a fairly brisk pace on its standards development landing page:

ESTA Public Review Drafts

ESTA has released redlines open for comment as of this posting.

Powered Rigging Systems

Entertainment Technology – Selection and Use of Personal Fall Arrest Systems on Portable Structures Used in the Entertainment Industry

Standard for Color Communication in Entertainment Lighting

Reporting the Low-End Dimming Performance of Entertainment Luminaires Using LED Sources

Comment deadlines run from June 29th to August 3rd.

You may obtain an electronic copy at the link above, along with a comment form.  Send your comments to Karl Ruling, (212) 244-1505, with an optional copy to  We encourage our colleagues in school districts and in colleges and universities large and small; with responsibilities for the safety and sustainability of cultural resource properties, media centers, performance venues to participate in the ESTA technical standards development program.

Glorya Kaufman School of Dance / University of Southern California

We keep the ESTA suite on the standing agenda of our Lively Arts teleconference; open to everyone.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.

Since the electrotechnologies are fairly complex we also collaborate with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets four times per month in European and American time zones.


Issue: [Various]

Category: Electrical, Arts & Entertainment Facilities

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Mike Hiler, Nehad El-Sherif



State Capitals And College Towns: A Recipe For Success

Baby Boomers Are Retiring to College Towns

The original University of Michigan codes and standards advocacy enterprise interviewed an ESTA affiliate in 2015:


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