| Standards Michigan |

Author Archives:


Outside & Inside ICT Environment

The Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) is an ANSI accredited standards development organization that develops technical and operational standards and solutions for the ICT industry.    The home page for its standards development enterprise is linked below:

ATIS Public Groups Page

Two of its consensus products have entered a revision cycle:

ATIS 0600010 Temperature, Humidity, and Altitude Requirements for Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Equipment Utilized in Controlled Environmental Spaces

Scope:  This standard covers the minimum temperature, humidity, and altitude criteria for wireline and wireless telecommunications network equipment to be installed and utilized by service providers in controlled environmental spaces (e.g., Carrier Communication Spaces, Central Offices, MTSOs, Huts, CEVs, and customer premises). It describes test methodologies and test report criteria necessary for proper evaluation by interested parties, and those intending to deploy equipment in such environments (also called Class 1 environments).

This standard defines temperature and humidity ranges in which the equipment must operate, and provides test methodologies to evaluate equipment operation in those environments. The expectation is that equipment will continue to function properly and without degradation of performance when placed in these environments.

This standard covers the minimum temperature, humidity, and altitude criteria for telecommunications network equipment to be installed and utilized by service providers in controlled environmental spaces (e.g., Carrier Communication Spaces, COs, MTSOs, Huts, CEVs, and customer premises). It describes test methodologies and test report criteria necessary for proper evaluation by interested parties, and those intending to deploy equipment in such environments. The expectation is that equipment will continue to function properly and without any unexpected degradation of performance when placed in the temperature and humidity controlled environmental spaces defined in the standard. Equipment is also expected to function properly after exposure to other environmental stresses, such as experienced in high-altitude applications and during storage and transportation.

ATIS 0600010.01 Temperature, Humidity, Altitude, and Salt Fog Requirements for Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Equipment Utilized in Outside Plant Environments

Scope. This standard covers the minimum temperature, humidity, altitude, and salt fog criteria for telecommunications network equipment to be installed and utilized by service providers in Outside Plant (OSP) environments. These environments include those found in OSP cabinets, enclosures, pedestals, etc., as well as those outside of protective enclosures. Test methodologies and test report criteria necessary for proper evaluation by interested parties and those intending to deploy equipment in such environments are also provided.

 This document defines Environmental Classifications based on the temperature, humidity, altitude, and salt fog ranges in which the equipment must operate, and provides test methodologies to evaluate equipment operation in those environments. Based on the intended usage, network equipment could be placed in one or more of the “Environment Classifications”.

 The expectation is that equipment will continue to function properly and without any unexpected degradation of performance when placed in these environments. Regardless of the operational environmental classification, equipment is expected to function properly after exposure to other environmental stresses, such as operational altitude and storage/transportation temperature-humidity. The test criteria defined in this document apply to all equipment.

In both cases, you may obtain an electronic copy from:  Send comments (with optional copy to to:

We keep all ATIS consensus products on the standing agenda of our twice-monthly Power & Telecommunications teleconferences and coordinate our comments with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.

Indiana University Data Center

Issue: [16-138]

Category: Information & Communications Technology, Telecommunications

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Mike Hiler, William McCoy, Keith Waters

Archive / ATIS



An Architectural Risk Analysis for Internet of Things (IoT) Services 


Facility Smart Grid Information Model

“The Acropolis at Athenss” (1846) / Leo von Klenze

This is a significant ASHRAE achievement and we do not mind saying so.   The original University of Michigan standards advocacy enterprise (See ABOUT) began participating in ASHRAE 201 Facility Smart Grid Information Model as a user-interest from  2012 until the end of 2016.  Other US-based accredited standards developers in electrotechnology — such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and the National Electrical Manufacturers Association  — compete in the “smart grid” space.   We follow them too; commenting when we can, collaborating with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee.

As the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States, the education facility industry should contribute meaningfully (with data, insight, pilot-sites, faculty and staff support, etc.) to all standards developers to help them improve their products.

ASHRAE 201 is a solid product in a complex space (noteworthy for its technical specifics); its purpose reproduced below:

“FOREWORD. The effort to substantially modernize and transform the national electric grid and create what has become known as a “smart grid” is an enormous undertaking that reflects both the size and importance of the electric grid. Viewed in its entirety, it is an international effort involving hundreds of organizations and companies, and it will impact billions of people. The standards infrastructure that will be needed to support this transformation may include over one hundred standards by the time that it is fully in place. This standard is one part of that infrastructure.

Almost all electricity is consumed in a building of some kind – homes, retail establishments, offices, schools, factories, hospitals – the list goes on. This standard attempts to capture the breadth and diversity of these consumers by using the term “facility.” A facility is any kind of building or collection of buildings, and all of the electrical loads or local generation sources contained within them or controlled by the facility owner.

Historically, electricity consumption has been viewed as a collection of dumb loads at the end of a distribution system. There has been almost no interaction between the “loads” and those responsible for electricity generations and distribution. The vision of the smart grid changes this picture radically. In a smart grid world, facilities become full partners in supporting and managing the electric grid. Facilities become generators using local renewable or other generation capacity. Facilities moderate electrical demand in response to fluctuations in the price or [availability]sp of electricity. Facilities communicate and negotiate with energy providers, sharing information about the facility’s projected electrical demand or ability to respond to the energy provider’s needs for maintaining grid stability and reliability.

In some respects all facilities have common characteristics and needs with respect to interactions with a smart grid, regardless of whether the facility is a commercial, institutional, or industrial building, or a private home. The Facility Smart Grid Information Model (FSGIM) standard attempts to capture this commonality and standardize the content of the information that a facility manager needs to have, or, in some cases, needs to exchange with the energy provider, in order to manage the facility. Energy providers benefit from the FSGIM standard because it enables interaction with all different types of facilities in a common way. Facility owners benefit because products can be designed for use in multiple facility types and products designed primarily for one type of facility, a home for example, can more easily be used in another, say a commercial building.

An information model is an abstraction, not an implementation. This abstract representation is a way to account for the reality that the technology used to manage a facility may be quite different depending on the type of facility. It is intended that the FSGIM will be used to develop or enhance other standards that define technology and communication protocol specific implementations of the model for particular markets.

The FSGIM was developed in the context of a much larger framework of smart grid standards. It builds on some of those standards in a way that is intended to maintain consistency and harmony with established and developing standards that impact the information needed to managing the facility, while at the same time capturing all of the key information needed in one place.

If the smart grid is to become a reality there must be smart facilities of all types that interact with it. The considerable time and talent that went into developing the FSGIM was invested in order to lay a solid foundation upon which to fulfill this vision.”

Campus environmental automation units — building automation and control staff — take note.   Today, we simply identify the opportunity to review the updated 837-page document whole cloth and encourage our colleagues running building environmental units to participate directly on ASHRAE Public Commenting platform, linked below:

Public Review Draft Standards / Online Comment Database

Comments are due December 16th.

All ASHRAE consensus products are on the agenda of our monthly 11 AM/ET Mechanical Engineering and Energy standards teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.


Category: Mechanical, Electrical, Energy, ICT, IoT

Colleagues: David B. Anderson, David Conrad, Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Larry Spielvogel, Ted Weidner

Archive / ASHRAE 201 Facility Smart Grid Information Model


Emerging Transportation Technology

“Little Children on a Bicycle” mural on Armenian Street, George Town, Penang by Lithuanian artist Ernest Zacharevic as part of the George Town Festival 2012


The school bus system is the largest mass transportation system in the United States*

and has eluded the “gales of creative destruction”**  found in other industries.


In April the US Department of Transportation (DOT) created the Non-Traditional and Emerging Transportation Technology (NETT) Council to identify and resolve jurisdictional and regulatory gaps associated with non-traditional and emerging transportation projects pending before DOT, including with respect to safety oversight, environmental review, and funding issues. The Office of the Secretary of Transportation invites comments on projects, issues, or topics that DOT should consider through the NETT Council, including regulatory models and other alternative approaches for non-traditional and emerging transportation technologies.

The Federal Register Notice is linked below:

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION / Office of the Secretary / Docket No. DOT–OST–2019–0165

Comments directly to the DOT are due January 10, 2020.

Apart from inter- and intra- campus travel issues, there are three reasons for Standards Michigan interest in the DOT inquiry:

  • According to DOT statistics the American school bus system is the largest public transportation operation in the United States; with nearly 500,000 vehicles moving 26 million children to school every day.
  • A great deal of federal funding is allocated to transportation research.
  • Academic programs in engineering and urban planning must include an understanding of public and private transportation issues.   

For the education facility industry, Standards Michigan prefers privately developed consensus products; preferably by accredited or open-source standard developers with robust outreach toward the user-interest.   The American National Standards Institute — the not-for-profit organization that supports the voluntary standards and conformity assessment system — is planning to develop a response to the Request for Information, and strongly encourages its members and constituents to either respond directly to the RFI or to contribute to the ANSI’s response.

Contributions to ANSI’s response are due December 20th.

We place this commenting opportunity on the agenda of our monthly Transportation & Parking teleconference.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Campuses are “cities-within-cities” and perfect study units for cities of the future

Issue: [19-152]

Category: Transportation & Parking

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Paul Green. Richard Robben

* America’s Largest Transit System

** Joseph Schumpeter: Schöpferische Zerstörung


Bureau of Transportation Statistics

The Yellow School Bus Industry

ANSI Announcement / November 27, 2019

Standards Kentucky

“Kentucky Landscape (1832) / James Pierce Barton

As we explain in our ABOUT, we are continuing development of the cadre of “code writers and vote-getters” begun at the University of Michigan in 1993.  Code writers and vote getters are the true expert witnesses to the social negotiation of technical change.  They are leaders in the reconciliation of the competing requirements of safety and economy in the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States.

We are now drilling down into state and local adaptations of nationally developed codes and standards that are incorporated by reference into public safety and sustainability legislation.   This post is a “test pancake” for generating discussion, and for discovering the best way forward for crafting state exceptions to nationally developed codes and standards.  Every state will have to be managed according to its history, culture, governance regime, asset-base and network of expertise.

Standards Michigan will remain the “free” home site but state-specific sites such as Standards Kentucky will be accessible to user-interest code-writers and vote-getters.   Please send a request to join one of our mailing lists appropriate to your interest for #SmartCampus standards action in the State of Kentucky.

Electronic Municipal Market Access / Kentucky

Design Guidelines & Construction Contracts

“St. Peter’s Basilica, under construction in 1536” / Marten van Heemskerck


Today at 11 AM EDT we drill into representative design guidelines and specifications for facility classes that are present on educational campuses; including projects involving the spaces between buildings — i.e. water, pathway, power and telecommunication infrastructure.  We place particular emphasis on the “General Conditions” of these guidelines and specifications because up to 20 percent of a construction project may involve the cost of general conditions; depending upon how many disciplines are involved.

We find excesses in the General Conditions that tend to inflate contingency requirements but also shortcomings that design professionals, construction project managers and building service engineers* should know about.   Facility development units will likely want to tweak design and construction documents to harmonize with the latest changes in the codes and standards that govern the safety and sustainability agenda of the education facility industry.  At the very least, time spent with us today offers anticipatory intelligence about technical specifics but also action by government agencies at all levels.

Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.

LIVE Daily 11:00 AM EST

* Building services engineers are responsible for the design, installation, operation and monitoring of the technical services in buildings (including mechanical, electrical and public health systems, also known as MEP or HVAC), in order to ensure the safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly operation. Building services engineers work closely with other construction professionals such as architects, structural engineers and quantity surveyors. Building services engineers influence the architectural design of building, in particular facades, in relation to energy efficiency and indoor environment, and can integrate local energy production (e.g. façade-integrated photovoltaics) or community-scale energy facilities (e.g. district heating). Building services engineers therefore play an important role in the design and operation of energy-efficient buildings (including green buildings, passive houses and zero energybuildings.  uses. With buildings accounting for about a third of all carbon emissions] and over a half of the global electricity demand, building services engineers play an important role in the move to a low-carbon society, hence mitigate global warming.


Whole Building Design Guide

“The Ideal City” (c. 1480) / Fra Carnevale

The National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization bringing together representatives of government, the professions, industry, labor and consumer interests to focus on the identification and resolution of problems and potential problems that hamper the construction of safe, affordable structures for housing, commerce and industry throughout the United States.  The National Institute of Building Sciences was authorized by the U.S. Congress in the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, Public Law 93-383.

As the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States — and one that is largely financed with public money —  the education industry is a major stakeholder in NIBS leading practice discovery and promulgation.  Best practice in education facility construction is informed by best practices in other federal agencies with significant construction spend

We track development and commenting opportunities on NIBS consensus products linked below:

Whole Building Design Guide

National BIM Standard V3

United States National CAD Standard

It is remarkable how much standards action happens in the drearier (boilerplate) — General Conditions — part of a construction contract.  Admittedly, you must have an interest in the fine points of the building construction disciplines.

As of today’s posting we do not find any NIBS consensus products open for public comment or in the Federal Register.  We do, however, keep NIBS products on our monthly Design & Contract teleconferences; open to everyone.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [15-317]

Category: Architectural, Management & Finance

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben

Representative University Construction Contract General Conditions


2018 NIBS Report to the President of the United States

Readings / How Blockchain Will Change Construction

How Blockchain Will Change Construction

Don Tapscott – Ricardo Viana Vargas

Blockchain technology is among the most disruptive forces of the past decade. Its power to record, enable, and secure huge numbers and varieties of transactions raises an intriguing question: Can the same distributed ledger technology that powers bitcoin also enable better execution of strategic projects in a conservative sector like construction, involving large teams of contractors and subcontractors and an abundance of building codes, safety regulations, and standards?

“Increasingly, we are thinking more carefully about when and where we need to compete and what can we share and collaborate on,” said David Bowcott, global director of growth, innovation, and insight in Aon’s global construction and infrastructure group. Using blockchain to automate the contractual processes and paperwork underpinning these complex projects could save money, free up valuable resources, and speed up project delivery. (Unless otherwise noted, quotes are from interviews we conducted as part of our research.)

Harvard University

CLICK HERE to order complete article.



College & University Libraries

Artist Unknown / Image Source: Bilkent Üniversitesi Türkiye



“A university is just a group of buildings gathered around a library.”

— Shelby Foote


The founding of many educational institutions throughout the world was marked with the building of a place of worship (LEARN MORE: See College & University Chapels).   After the church the library was the second building.  It seems likely that after the library the “Media Center” will emerge as the replacement facility category (occupancy classification) in building codes and standards.   It will be difficult letting go of the memories and the ambiance of these places and spaces.  Who does not have a favorite place in a favorite library?

The original University of Michigan advocacy enterprise presented structural engineering technical committees of the American Society of Civil Engineers with proposals to roll back the live loading criteria for “occupancies formerly known as libraries” — because stacks of books and paper filing cabinets were being replaced with laptop computers.  Not only that, stacks of actual physical books in legacy libraries were being relocated off-site to slab-on-grade book warehouses leaving the space to be renovated as study areas or administrative offices.

Those proposals for Table 1607 of the International Building were rejected for lack of technical substantiation.  Fair enough.  Structural engineering is a fearsome art and you do not want to push too hard on the instincts of structural design professionals even though their risk-aversion instinct is raising cost for new media centers that are mis-characterized as “libraries”.  Most standards developing committees are permitted to set their own criteria for technical substantiation.  After the desire and obligation to design for public safety it is naive to discount their concern for the cost of professional liability insurance, however.  There are times when you are willing to pay for another power of ten safety factor.

The International Building Code Code is deep into its 2021 revision and it appears that some correlation action with ASCE structural engineering codes might have occurred.  Rather than risk inaccuracy, we will archive the technical details to the post linked at the bottom of this page.  It is often necessary to do this when codes and standards relevant to a given education facility develop out of step with one another.

We will continue following other library-related concepts are listed (very) briefly below:

  • Book shelf depth specifications
  • Lighting power densities, more occupancy sensors and daylight responsive controls
  • Inclusion of libraries in the conditions under which education facilities are used as community storm shelters.
  • Metadata (CLICK HERE)

Operating experience, use pattern anecdotes, war stories and such are always gratefully received any day during our daily open-door teleconferences 11 AM Eastern time; however direct participation in the ICC Code Development Process should always be a first choice.  CLICK HERE to get started.

The image criteria of our WordPress theme does not permit many images of college and university libraries to be shown fully dimensioned on sliders or widget galleries.  We reproduce a few of the outsized images here and leave the complexities of financing, designing, building and maintaining of them in a safe and sustainable manner for another day.   If you need specific information please refer to the links at the bottom on this, very long, page.

 Click on any image for image credit and other information

“Bibliotheque_Sainte-Genevieve” | University of Paris, et al

Johns Hopkins University

Library at Thorildsplans Gymnasium (Thorildsplan upper secondary school) | Stockholm, Sweden

Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem

George H.W. Bush Library | Texas A&M University

Bilkent Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi / Türkiye

St. John’s College | University of Cambridge

Tama Art University Library | 多摩美術大学

University of San Diego

Delft University of Technology Library

University of Notre Dame

University of Utrecht

University of Ottawa

University of Derby

Akita International University | Nakajima Library

Dominican University

Erasmus University

The Masters University

The Ohio State University

University of Washington

Vilnius University Library

Biblioteca Centrală a Universității Politehnica Timișoara | Romania

University of Southern California

Københavns Universitet

Roskilde Universitet

Bowling Green State University

Universität Wien

新加坡管理大学 | Singapore Management University

上海大学 | Shanghai University Library

Universidade de Coimbra

University of Michigan Law School

More coming.

Archive / Library Structural Engineering

Codes, Standards, Guidelines, Recommended Practice and Standards of Care for Libraries & Media Centers

National Institute for Standards & Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a measurement standards laboratory, and a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness.  It has several enterprises that support both the academic and the business side of the US education industry

Student Paper Winners / 2016-2019

“The Attributes of the Arts and the Rewards Which Are Accorded Them” (1766) / Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin

We maintain a bibliography of winners of ANSI’s Student Paper Competition.   This bibliography may enlighten student approaches to the 2020 ANSI Student Paper Competition linked below:

ANSI Student Paper Competition 2020 – Papers Due 30 April 2020

  For the most current information about the competition contact Lisa Rajchel:

2019 Student Paper Winner / Cybersecurity & Ukraine Power Grid Attack

2019 Student Paper Winner / Standards in Crisis Prevention & Response:

2018 ANSI Student Paper Winner | Internet of Things

2017 ANSI Student Paper Winner | Cyborg Gen 2330

2016 Student Paper Winner | Life, Liberty and Pursuit of Happiness

2016 Student Paper Winner | World Without Standards

ANSI Announces Winners of 2015 Student Paper Competition

Layout mode
Predefined Skins
Custom Colors
Choose your skin color
Patterns Background
Images Background