Tag Archives: China


Origins of Hospitality

Passages from Chinese literature about “social practice”:

• From the Book of Rites (《礼记》), a Confucian classic:


Translation: “To treat a guest with caution and respect is the height of ritual. To treat a guest as if he were one’s own master for a day is the height of kindness.”

This passage emphasizes the importance of hospitality as a key aspect of ritual and ethical behavior. It suggests that treating guests with respect and kindness is not only a matter of good manners, but also a reflection of one’s character and values.

• From “Journey to the West” (《西游记》), a classic Chinese novel:


Translation: “There is no greater pleasure than being hospitable and friendly to others.”

This passage highlights the joy and fulfillment that comes from showing hospitality and kindness to others. It suggests that the act of hosting and welcoming guests can bring happiness and satisfaction to both the host and the guest.

• From “The Analects” (《论语》), a collection of sayings and teachings attributed to Confucius:


Translation: “When you host someone, treat them with the utmost respect and courtesy.”

Campus Security Based on Internet of Things

Hunan Railway Professional Technology College

Design and Implementation of Campus Security System Based on Internet of Things

Hu Pinggui &  Chen Xiuqing

Hunan Railway Professional Technology College


Abstract.  In order to prevent campus theft incidents, campus intelligent security was put forward to solve campus security problems. At present, most security systems in campus are mainly video surveillance. In most cases, some measures are just as later view tool. In view of the above problems, campus intelligent security is selected as the main research object. On the basis of in-depth analysis of the Internet of things technology, this paper makes innovative and exploratory research on RFID tag chip technology, GSM communication technology, keyboard input and LCD display. The results show that the new design of security can effectively prevent campus safety accidents. Based on the above finding, it is concluded that the school should realize the campus security system based on Internet of things as soon as possible, and provide a good living and learning environment for students at school.

To order complete paper: IEEE Explore


Related IEEE Literature:

IEEE Security & Privacy

School Security?

Resilience of Cyber-Physical System: A Case Study of Safe School Environment

Implementing prototype model for School Security System (SSS) using RFID

Possibilities of the Application of Solar Powered Security Systems at the Universities of Subotica, Serbia

Low-Cost Concealed Weapon Detection for School Environments Using Acoustic Signatures

Optimization of Wireless Video Surveillance System for Smart Campus Based on Internet of Things

Back to school [security education]


Virtual reality technology in evacuation simulation of sport stadiums

The application research of virtual reality technology in emergency evacuation simulation of sports stadium

Xiao Yi | Shanghai University of Sport

Abstract. With the activities of major sports events have become increasingly active and the social influence of sports events is gradually increasing, people have more and more opportunities to watch matches in sports stadiums. Sports stadium, as a place of relatively large occupant density, has high demands for its safe operation except that it is necessary to meet the needs of competitions. Under the unexpected situations, how to ensure the public safety has become the focus of social concern. This paper takes the emergent evacuation simulation of sports stadium as a main research object. It concerns the main problems that how to use virtual reality technology to build a three-dimensional simulated scene of sports stadium; how to truly simulated the whole evacuation process of many people under unexpected situations. The scene modeling of sports stadium, The construction of evacuation model, The visualization of evacuation process, Dynamic Roaming and Interaction design, Evaluation system and other issues are discussed in this article.

Ming Emperor Xianzong Enjoying the Lantern Festival (CLICK IMAGE to launch Zoom interactive viewer)

CLICK HERE to order complete paper

Related IEEE Research:

Research on the construction and development of intelligent sports teaching environment in Universities

Design of an Intelligent Management System for Sports Activities Based on New Information Technology

The Application Research of Data Analysis of Student’s Physical Health Testing on Optional Courses of Ice and Snow Sports

Research on the Application of Flipped Classroom Model in College Sports Dance Teaching

Means of Egress

Life Safety Code

Bleachers, Folding Seating & Grandstands

Laboratory Design

Update: 27 February 2023

Updated: September 20, 2021

Original Post: May 25, 2019


Colleagues in the US education facility industry who collaborated with the original University of Michigan codes and standards advocacy enterprise ahead of the launch of ISO TC 276 Biotechnology standard in 2015 may recall how the University of Michigan recommended that ANSI request removal of “facilities” from the scope of the proposed biotechnology standard; administered by the Deutsches Institut für Normung committee.

Our recommendation was accepted; thereby partitioning the science of biotechnology from the facilities that supported that activity as much as possible.  Back in the early 2000’s we found the US research community in higher education was indifferent to participation in international standards of any kind; despite the concentration of chemical, energy, environmental air, electrical and fire safety risk aggregations.

Now the scope of this standard appears to recover some of the facility scope in another title; a few of the key details linked here.

Since the beginning of the original University of Michigan standards advocacy enterprise described in our ABOUT we found the US research community indifferent to participation in standards  development of any kind; much less international standards.  To a large degree it remains so.  Perhaps in the fullness of time, respected voices will join ours.

The Standards Administration of China is the Global Secretariat.  The American National Standards Institute participates as an Observer.  The business plan posted in 2019 is linked below:

ISO TSP 290 (Laboratory Design) | 2019

You may communicate directly with Steve Cornish: scornish@ansi.org.

We maintain titles from the project on the standing agendas of our periodic Global and Laboratories colloquium; open to everyone.  Always at 15:00 UTC.

Issue: [19-134]

Category: Academic, International

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben, Markus Scheufele, Larry Spielvogel

Source: ANSI Standards Action | Page 33

ANSI-Accredited U.S. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGS) to ISO



Reposted by ANSI July 13, 2020

Last week the American National Standards Institute notified stakeholders that the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) — the ISO member body for China — has submitted a proposal for a new field of ISO technical activity on “Laboratory Design”.   The proposal bears resemblance to a notice of public consultation that was posted last year; now linked below:

ISO TSP 290 (Laboratory Design)

Comments on the (apparently revised) proposal are due at ANSI offices on August  3rd.

We refer you to Steve Cornish (scornish@ansi.org) and/or Henry Cheung (HCheung@ansi.org) at the American National Standards Institute.

We maintain consensus products of this nature on our Global and Laboratory teleconferences; open to everyone.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting.

Originally posted May 25, 2019


ISO Member Nations | Click on image


“Science, my boy, is made up of mistakes,

but they are mistakes which it is useful to make,

because they lead little by little to the truth.” 

― Jules Verne, Journey to the Center of the Earth


The Standardization Administration of China (SAC) — the ISO member body for China — has submitted a proposal for a new field of ISO technical activity on “Laboratory Design” with the following scope statement:

“…Standardization in the field of laboratory design including site selection and design planning, the functional division of experimental areas, the determination of scientific and technological processes, layouts and design of furniture, and the scientific design of the facility taking into account environmental conditions and impact.  Excluded:

– IEC/TC 64 (Electrical installations and protection against electric shock);
– IEC/TC 81 (Lightning protection);
– IEC/TC 66 (Safety of measuring, control and laboratory equipment);
– IEC/TC 85 (Measuring equipment for electrical and electromagnetic quantities).

Once the new TC is established, liaisons with other relevant ISO technical committees will be established, including ISO/TC 48(laboratory equipment), ISO/TC 212 (Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diagnostic test systems)and CASCO as well as relevant IEC technical committees (IEC/TC 45(Nuclear instrumentation), IEC/TC 62 (Electrical equipment in medical practice), IEC/TC 65 (Industrial-process measurement, control and automation), IEC/TC 76 (Optical radiation safety and laser equipment) and IEC/TC 104 (Environmental conditions, classification and methods of test).  Note: the TC will support the contribution of the laboratory design industry to UN Sustainable Development Goals and enable countries to address a wide range of global issues including eradication of hunger and poverty, health, climate change and economic development….”

“…The new TC will stipulate technical design requirements for a diverse range of laboratories with different functions and responsibilities. It will include, but not limited to:

1. site selection and design planning;
2. layouts and design of furniture (e.g workbenches, fume hoods, safety showers, biological safety cabinets, etc);
3. electrical, water and gas supply systems, drainage, fire prevention, HVAC, auto-control and decoration;
4. laboratories featuring bio-safety, constant temperature and humidity, and other special laboratories;
5. laboratory safety, staff health, environmental protection, and energy saving;
6. Smart laboratory (use of new technologies such as big data, cloud computing, block chain, etc. to empower laboratories, e.g. increase the depth and width of services provided to clients, improve the servicing level during the consulting, design and maintenance phases.)…”

A Giant Traditional Chinese Painting | CLICK ON IMAGE

A Giant Traditional Chinese Painting | CLICK ON IMAGE

“…The setting up of laboratory design TC and establishment of laboratory design standards will benefit organizations and groups as follows:

      1. Laboratory owners (including governments, scientific agencies and enterprises, etc.): Laboratory owners will understand the principles and methods of laboratory design for better management of laboratory design, construction, acceptance and operation. The investment budget will have a reference basis; construction cost will be better controlled; investment risk will be lowered; project quality can be better evaluated; construction cycle will be shortened; capital usage efficiency will be raised;
      1. Laboratory designers: Laboratory designers will understand the principles and methods of laboratory design, and will have standards to follow and verify by, make fewer design faults and ensure laboratory design to be more scientific and professional; laboratory environmental facility will be improved in terms of safety, energy conservation, environmental friendliness, as well as impacts on human health and well-being.
      1. Laboratory constructors: Laboratory constructors will have construction and acceptance standards to refer to; the construction quality will be raised; technology advancement will be promoted; the industry will be further regulated.
      1. Laboratory users: Laboratory users will understand the principles and methods of laboratory design; stakeholders can communicate with each other in a more informed way and evaluate laboratories based on common standards, making laboratory use, operation and management more scientific and regulated. Smart laboratories will allow more functions and add value by integrating technologies of big data, cloud computing and internet of things, etc.
      1. Laboratory operators: Laboratory operators will understand the principles and methods of laboratory design, which will facilitate the maintenance of laboratories; Smart laboratories will enable the remote digital control of laboratory operation and facilitate reliable, efficient and convenient maintenance.
      1. Society:  The society will be able to cultivate more professional personnel in the field of laboratory design; a more sound and fair development of laboratory design and construction both home and abroad will be facilitated; more energy-saving and environmental-friendly design will promote the sustainable development of the society; the premium laboratories will inspire the creativity of researchers and promote the advancement and development of technologies. Smart laboratories will facilitate technological progress, product quality improvement, data recognition as well as international trade….”

“Louis Pasteur” | Albert Edelfelt (1885)

If the proposal is accepted, China is willing to undertake the work of secretariat of the new TC and will provide all necessary resources including financial and human resources as well as facility supports.   A partnership agreement between China and France at committee level is foreseen.   

Anyone wishing to review the proposal can request a copy by contacting ANSI’s ISO Team (isot@ansi.org), with a submission of comments to Steve Cornish (scornish@ansi.org) by close of business on Friday, June 28th

N.B. This proposal will be featured in an ANSI Online news story and open for public review and comments from relevant US stakeholders via notice in Standards Action. In addition, ANSI will conduct targeted outreach to gather input on this proposal.  Based on the input received from US stakeholders, a recommended ANSI position and any comments will be developed and presented to the AIC for approval before the ISO voting deadline of August 13, 2019.  Contact Steve Cornish (scornish@ansi.org)

ANSI’s due process requirements were applied to this ISO/SIA/AFNOR proposal and comment from US stakeholders were consulted.  It appears that most US stakeholders do NOT want to participate in the development of this standard as currently written.   The public comments are available from Henry Cheung (HCheung@ansi.org) who has also prepared a draft statement from ANSI.

Comments on the draft statement are due August 2nd.  


Perspective:  We have been down this road before.  The original University of Michigan user-interest advocacy enterprise — through ANSI — was persuasive in having “facilities” struck from the scope of the original ISO TC/276 Biotechnology project proposal (Global Secretariat: Deutsches Institut für Normung) in 2012.  Now we circle back to a proposal that captures the facility component as an articulated enterprise which, in large research colleges and universities, is a delicate risk aggregation that generates significant revenue.

As always, we are happy to discuss any best practice title from anywhere on earth that affects the safety and sustainability agenda of education communities.   Just click the login credentials at the upper right of our home page any day at 11 AM Eastern time.    We also sweep through the status of international consensus products emerging from ISO, IEC and ITU technical and management committees.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [19-134]

Category: Academic, International

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben, Markus Scheufele, Larry Spielvogel

Source: ANSI Standards Action | Page 33




College dormitory information environment based on Internet of Things


Research of the construction of the college dormitory information environment based on Internet of Things

Jinhua Chen – Zhong Li – Jing Song – Ying Li

Yibin University


Abstract: According to the practical application demand of the college dormitory, combined with principle, architecture, and technical of Internet of Things, a college dormitory construction scheme is proposed based on the Internet of Things. The scheme concludes technical framework improvements of the Internet of Things for application, discussion of the networking mechanisms, implementations of technical details and design of network nodes. It presents a multi-frequency-multi-structure network architecture. Test results of typical application parameters show that the practical application of the scheme in a college dormitory is feasible.

CLICK HERE to order complete paper

Space-based Network Information System


Research on Architecture Design Method of Joint Information Environment of Space-based Network Information System based on Multi-viewpoint

Jian Ping – Liu De-sheng – Xiong Wei

Space Engineering University Beijing


Abstract:  Based on the design goal of the joint information environment architecture of space-based network information system, this paper proposes the basic framework and design process of the joint information environment architecture of space-based network information system according to the multi-viewpoint design idea of “competency-based, information-oriented and service-oriented”. The view models of Capability Conception CV-1, Information Activity Model IAV-1, Advanced Operational Concept Diagram OV-1, System Composition Description Diagram SV-1 and Information Service List SvcV-1 are constructed, which provide theoretical basis and technical reference for the research of joint information environment of space-based network information system.

CLICK HERE to order complete paper


Energy Management Systems

We follow and participate in about fifty standardization projects administered from the Geneva-sister standards setting organizations; either through the US Technical Advisory Group Administrator assigned by the American National Standards Institute or through colleagues in educational institutions elsewhere in the world; mostly faculty in European colleges and universities engaged in research in electrotechnology.

Since 2013 we have been keeping pace with the product creation of  International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 301 Energy Management and Energy Savings.  The work of ISO/TC 301 provides a globally recognized standard of practice for managing energy over time and for calculating and reporting energy savings. A key deliverable — ISO 50001 Energy Management — unites, on a broad level, the concept and execution of energy management system standardization for a range of stakeholders, including, but not limited to: industry, buildings, energy efficiency organizations, standards authorities, energy service providers, government agencies, energy management practitioners, and conformance and energy auditing firms.

Link to ISO TC/301 Strategic Business Plan.

Working Area: Energy management and energy savings

Université de Genève

Of particular interest to us back in 2013 were the performance provisions — fairly typical for international standards — for adopting organizations and industries to set their own benchmarks (i.e. agree upon a rate of change, rather than an absolute target).   We monitor about half of the standards action in ANSI accredited standards developers every day and decided to propose references to the work products of ISO TC/301 to US-based standards developers such as ASHRAE International and the International Code Council.  They were rejected for the same reason: US-based standards developers prefer bright-line, prescriptive standards that can be enforced by the conformance and compliance industry.

Good minds will disagree upon whether performance standards promulgated by the Geneva standards-setting organizations are appropriate for all industries.  Performance standards may be appropriate for the energy, manufacturing and financial industries in all nations but they may not meet the rather well-financed energy conservation interests tied to education communities in the United States.  We find many, many energy conservation functionaries in these communities.

The United States and China are Co-Secretariats | Click on image for more information

Georgia Tech Energy & Sustainability Services (GTESS) is the US Technical Advisory Group Administrator for the American National Standards Institute.   We maintain a collaborative workspace with experts in the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers to respond to public consultation queries that originate from either GTESS or our colleagues at other universities in other nations

IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee

The energy domain is a relatively “crowded domain” in our view; characterized by relative weakness of the User-Interest which we describe in our ABOUT.   In our experience, crowded domains require special sensitivities.

We encourage our colleagues in the energy conservation and sustainability community to communicate directly with Georgia Tech Energy & Environmental Management Center (GTESS); Deann Desai, 75 Fifth Street N.W, Suite 300, Atlanta, GA 30332-0640, (770) 605-4474, deann.desai@innovate.gatech.edu, OR melody.mcelw ee@innovate.gatech.ed to obtain review copies of these documents and to submit comments (with a copy to psa@ansi.org).  We will collaborate on energy issues separately with our colleagues at other universities in Europe through the IEEE Industrial Applications Society

All international standards that affect #TotalCostofOwnership and the safety and sustainability agenda of the education industry are on the standing agenda of our periodic Global and Energy standards teleconferences.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [13-98]

Category: Energy Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben, Larry Spielvogel

More >>

Stage Technical Standards for Outdoor Live Performance Theater


Necessity of Establishing the Stage Technical Standards for Outdoor Live Performance Theater

Ziyi He, et al

School of Mechanical and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology

Chinese indoor theaters have established a relatively complete technical standard system in aspects of lighting, sound, safety supervision and others, while outdoor live performance theaters only have a service standard system. Due to the great scale of sceneries and exposure to the natural open environment, its lighting, audio and other systems, wire modeling, LED screen and laser modeling, water curtain/cloud screen/fireworks modeling, animal performance and other technical systems require long-term resistance to the wind, rain, thunder and lightning, damp corrosion, high temperature, ice, snow weather and other new technical requirements like prevention of damage by wild animals. Outdoor live performance theaters cannot share a set of technical standards with indoor theaters. It is necessary to construct a technical standard system fit for the construction, operation and safety service of outdoor live performance theaters.

CLICK HERE to order complete paper



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Research on Acoustic Simulation of Small Multi-functional Cultural Theater

Sound quality of the Valli theatre: standard outcomes and development of data presentation

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S. 5018: DHS Restrictions on Confucius Institutes and Chinese Entities of Concern Act

117th Congress Swearing In Floor Proceedings – January 3, 2021, House Chamber


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