mike@standardsmichigan.com | Standards Michigan

Author Archives: mike@standardsmichigan.com


Transportation & Parking

“Little Children on a Bicycle” / Ernest Zacharevic (2012)

Today at 11 AM Eastern time we walk through action in codes, standards and regulations affecting school district, college and university-affiliated transportation and parking facilities and systems.   Open to everyone.  Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.

Clean School Bus Grant Program

Photo by Architect of the Capitol | Left: The teacher and children in a “little red schoolhouse” represent an important part of American education in the 1800s.
Right: Students attend a land grant college, symbolic of the national commitment to higher learning.


Connected & Automated Vehicle Code

Satire on Steam Coaches (1831) / H. T. Alken

The CSA America Standards organization has launched a new consensus product — CSA T150 Connected & Automated Vehicle Code — that may, at the very least, guide the safety and sustainability agenda of many large research universities that have transportation service units.   Many governments direct research funding toward transportation so this product may inform the practicality of academic research.  The CSA Group announcement, made through ANSI’s Project Initiation Notification platform, is paraphrased below:

Project Need: To support innovation and deployment in the field of connected and autonomous vehicles by providing infrastructure requirements for the installation and safe operations of CAVs and corresponding infrastructure in the North American context.  

Stakeholders: This proposed Code is being developed at the request of industry and manufacturers. It will provide the industry with the technical requirements and standards of safe operation of CAVs. This will meet the strategic needs of the following key interests:

(a) Ensuring that the latest innovative/technology/safety features are available for users,

(b) Addressing needs of regulators by providing suitable requirements;

(c) Supporting certification bodies.

The connected and automated vehicle (CAV) code specifies infrastructure requirements for CAVs operating or intended to operate in both on-road and off-road environments in order to address public safety, security, and privacy challenges. The code includes, but is not limited to, physical and digital infrastructure. Consideration is given to cybersecurity, interoperability, data management, data privacy, data integrity, human aspects, and accessibility. The CAV code is intended to primarily address issues related to public safety, security, and privacy in conjunction with detailed knowledge of the legal, regulatory, and technological landscape, and ensuring compliance with all relevant and applicable law. The CAV code is not intended as a design specification nor as an instruction manual for untrained persons.

No comments are due at this time. 

Having been involved in global standards development for over 25 years now (See our ABOUT) we are qualified to say that this is an ambitious undertaking and certain to inspire competition among competitor conformance and certification organizations.   Accordingly, we will follow the developmental path of the proposed “Code” ; perhaps participate as a user-interest in its development.   We also encourage direct participation in the CSA Group’s standards development program by students, faculty and staff in the education industry.

CSA Group Standards Home Page

Standards Michigan will continue to be a resource for education facility managers, academic researchers and any other final fiduciary (user-interest) in the public or private sector who need cross-cutting perspective on the “bazillion silos” of global standards development.  Accordingly CSA T150 has been placed on the standing agenda of our monthly Transportation & Parking teleconference.   See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Photo Credit: Center for Digital Education

Issue: [19-146]

Category: Transportation & Parking

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Paul Green, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben

Source: ANSI Standards Action


Cybersecurity for Parking Facility Lighting

“Place de Rome at Night” / Theodore Earl Butler (1905)

Many education facility units do not have information technology departments developing its property management and security tools and are dependent on off-the-shelf solutions and third-party providers. Cybersecurity risk of harm may involve at least two main scenarios:

  • Unauthorized access to the organization network and data
  • Unauthorized access to the campus community and/or others visiting the organization (either in person or remotely).

The concern is likely to be particularly acute in medical campuses where there is substantial inflow and outflow of staff, faculty, students, patients and patient visitors.

This document addresses a recommended cybersecurity practice for the parking lot lighting systems setup. It is recognized that this type of environment has the need to share IT resources with other tasks and functions, to use off-the-shelf solutions, and to outsource information and community technology.  Cybersecurity protection and mitigation measurements can be shared with other activities and functions.   More information about this standard is linked below:

ANSI/NEMA C137.2-2019 Prospectus

The current version is dated February 2019.

We are happy to discuss all consensus products by NEMA and or cybersecurity in education facilities generally.  We meet online every day at 11 AM Eastern time and we also set aside one hour every month to sort through safety and sustainability standards action that applies to Transportation and Parking facilities.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [18-86]

Category: Electrical, #SmartCampus

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Steve Townsend


ARCHIVE: Posted March 27, 2019

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has released for public review a new standard — C137.2 Standard for Lighting Systems – Cybersecurity Requirements for Lighting Systems for Parking Facilities.  The purpose of this standard is to provide cybersecurity requirements for lighting systems used in parking facilities with public access.  This standard provides specifications for the protection of signals and data to, from and within the lighting system, potentially including those that may initiate, control, or monitor non-lighting functions. This standard is not intended to address parking facilities with enhanced security requirements, such as critical infrastructure sectors. This standard does not apply to cybersecurity for safety-related cybersecurity.

Comments are due May 7th. 

The landing page for all NEMA standards action is linked below:

About NEMA Standards

You may obtain an electronic copy from Karen Willis, (703) 841-3277, Karen.willis@nema.org.  Send your comments to Karen (with copy to psa@ansi.org).   We will coordinate our response to this commenting opportunity with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets twice today and every other week.

All NEMA consensus documents are on the standing agenda of our weekly Open Door teleconferences — every Wednesday, 11 AM Eastern time.    Click here for login information.

Issue: [18-86]

Category: Electrical, #SmartCampus

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey

Standard for Parking Structures

Tallinna Ülikool | University of Estonia | Parking place art

The 2023 edition of NFPA 88A Standard for Parking Structures is now open for public input.  The scope of NFPA 88A covers construction and protection of, as well as the control of hazards in, open and enclosed parking structures.

Work of fire protection safeguards for garages was initiated by NFPA in 1927 with the appointment of a committee.  After extensive deliberations and the publication of successive drafts, a standard was adopted in 1932.  Revisions have been made ever since, as described in the Origin and Development in the introductory pages of the document linked below:

NFPA 88A Standard for Parking Structures

Public input is due by June 30, 2020.

To provide a sense of the safety concepts running through this document the transcripts of committee action is linked below:

NFPA 88A_A2018_GAR_AAA_SDAgenda_09_17

NFPA 88A_A2018_GAR_AAA_FD_Agenda_11_16

Given the gathering pace of standardization in transportation safety and sustainability concepts that we see all over the world, we will place this document on the standing agenda of our monthly #SmartCampus transportation and parking teleconference.  See our CALENDAR for the next date, time and login credentials.   As always, we encourage front line technicians, facility managers and transportation and parking department leaders to participate directly in the NFPA consensus document development process.  CLICK HERE to get started on your own.

Issue: [17-235]

Category: Parking & Transportation, Space Planning, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben


Control of Hazardous Energy: (Lockout/Tagout)

Title: Unknown / Artist: Laura Knight / Imperial War Museum, London UK

The control of hazardous energy is regulated under the United States Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration’ (OSHA) control of hazardous energy standard linked below:

Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout OSHA 3120 / 2002 (Revised)

The purpose of OSHA 3120 is to protect workers from the dangers of hazardous energy.  OSHA has released a request for information regarding two areas where modernizing the Lockout/Tagout standard might better promote worker safety without additional burdens to employers: control circuit type devices and robotics.  The Federal Register announcement is linked below:

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 29 CFR Part 1910 [Docket No. OSHA–2016–0013]  RIN 1218–AD00

Comments are due August 19, 2019.  The Federal Register announcement specifies several ways to submit responses. All submissions must bear a postmark or provide other evidence of the submission date.

We find that there are enough safety/conformity/compliance functionaries in the education facilities industry to discover leading practice in this space so we do not lean too heavily into this type of regulation; though the expansion into robotics is noteworthy.

We are happy to walk through specifics of the proposal with respect to our goal of lowering #TotalCostofOwnership in education and university-affiliated healthcare facilities any day at 11 AM Eastern time.   We also host of monthly Risk Management Standards teleconference in which many OSHA safety requirements on the standing agenda.  See our CALENDAR for the next online meeting; open to everyone.

Issue: [19-145]

Category: Facility Asset Management, Risk Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben, Markus Schaufele


S. 1974: Renewable Electricity Standard Act

“In the Sierras:Lake Tahoe” / Albert Bierstadt / Harvard University Art Museum

S. 1890 / Renewable Energy In Public Schools

Photo by Architect of the Capitol | Left: The teacher and children in a “little red schoolhouse” represent an important part of American education in the 1800s. Right: Students attend a land grant college, symbolic of the national commitment to higher learning.


Standards Kansas

As we explain in our ABOUT, we are continuing the development of the cadre of “code writers and vote-getters” begun at the University of Michigan in 1993.  We are now drilling down into state and local adaptations of nationally developed codes and standards that are incorporated by reference into public safety and sustainability legislation.

This post is a “test pancake” for generating discussion, and for developing a way forward for crafting state exceptions to nationally developed codes and standards.  Every state will have to be managed according to its history, culture, governance regime, asset-base and network of expertise.

Standards Michigan will remain the “free” home site but state-specific sites such as Standards Kansas will be accessible to user-interest code-writers and vote-getters.   Please send bella@standardsmichigan.com a request to join one of our mailing lists appropriate to your interest for #SmartCampus standards action in the State of Kansas.

Mechanical Engineering Monthly

Today at 11 AM EDT we sweep through action in the consensus products that set the standard of care for mechanical engineering design, construction operations and maintenance. Mechanical systems — which, in our user-interest advocacy. includes building service engineering* — can run upwards of 35 percent of new building construction.    The requirements that affect cost change on a near-daily basis so it is wise to keep pace.   Architects, engineering, facility planning and design units within academia are welcome to join us in reviewing the blistering pace of code and standard development in this space.   You will likely want to tweak your design and construction documents.  At the very least, time spent with us today offers anticipatory intelligence about technical specifics but also action by government agencies at all levels.

We track the action in the following list of accredited standards developers that set the standard of care for education facilities:

AHRI | Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration Institute

AIHA | American Industrial Hygiene Association

ASHRAE | American Society of Heating & Refrigeration Engineers

ASME | American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM | American Society for Testing & Materials

AWWA | American Water Works Association

AHRI | Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration Institute

IAPMO | International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials

IMC | International Mechanical Code

IPC | International Plumbing Code

ISEA | International Safety Equipment Association

NFPA | National Fire Protection Association

SEFA | Scientific Equipment & Furniture Association

SMACNA | Sheet Metal Contractors National Association

UL | Underwriters Laboratories

(All relevant OSHA Standards)

We do these once a month.  See our CALENDAR for the next teleconference.

* Building services engineers are responsible for the design, installation, operation and monitoring of the technical services in buildings (including mechanical, electrical and public health systems, also known as MEP or HVAC), in order to ensure the safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly operation. Building services engineers work closely with other construction professionals such as architects, structural engineers and quantity surveyors. Building services engineers influence the architectural design of building, in particular facades, in relation to energy efficiency and indoor environment, and can integrate local energy production (e.g. façade-integrated photovoltaics) or community-scale energy facilities (e.g. district heating). Building services engineers therefore play an important role in the design and operation of energy-efficient buildings (including green buildings, passive houses and zero energybuildings.  uses. With buildings accounting for about a third of all carbon emissions] and over a half of the global electricity demand, building services engineers play an important role in the move to a low-carbon society, hence mitigate global warming.



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