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Outdoor Entertainment Events


Outdoor Entertainment Events

August 12, 2018
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Globe Theater | Southern Utah University

Many colleges and universities host special outdoor entertainment and education events this time of year; many of which have significant risks to manage.  The  Entertainment Services and Technology Association is one of the first names among accredited standards developers in this space.  While none of its standards are open for public review at the moment, it is worthwhile noting that several technical committee meetings were held last week in Dallas/Fort Worth.

ESTA Technical Standards Program

After face-to-face meetings, we find that most accredited standards developers make progress.  ESTA usually posts them on the page linked below:

ESTA Public Review Documents

A new batch of redlines — regarding specifications for choral risers and theatrical fog — are now open for public review.   Comments are due September 24th.

We encourage front line media technicians and managers in the education industry to participate in ESTA’s leading practice discovery and standards setting.   We encourage the supervisors and the managers to whom these technicians report to hasten idea upflow by approving  resources for time and travel for these front line technicians.

All ESTA standards are on the standing agenda of our weekly Open Agenda teleconference — every Wednesday, 11 AM Eastern time.  CLICK HERE to log in.

Because the safety and sustainability of special events is multidisciplinary and cuts across many regulatory products developed by ICC, NFPA, IEEE, NEMA, IES, ASHRAE and ESTA that generally stream out of step with one another we will devote a one hour teleconference covering arts and entertainment facilities on August 9th, 11 AM Eastern time.   CLICK HERE to log in

Issue: [Various]

Category: Arts & Entertainment Facilities, Risk Management, Electrical, Fire Safety

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey

* From our archive:

* PLASA and ESTA are international affiliates

Posted June 2, 2018

Michigan Stadium tricked out for Winter Classic | Photo by Jerry Lai USA TODAY Sports (Click on image)

The Entertainment Services and Technology Association (ESTA — formerly PLASA) has notified the American National Standards Institute that it will be entering a new revision cycle of an existing standard and the launching of a new standard:

 E1.21-201x, Entertainment Technology – Temporary Structures Used for Technical Production of Outdoor Entertainment Events (revision of ANSI E1.21-2013) This document establishes a minimum level of design and performance parameters for the design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance of temporary ground-supported structures used in the production of outdoor entertainment events. The purpose of this guidance is to ensure the structural reliability and safety of these structures and does not address fire safety and safe egress issues. Project Need: The standard is being opened for revision to clarify and reorganize OMP information, guidance, and content. Stakeholders: Entertainment event producers, event production companies, technicians, and performers. BSR E1.47-201x, Entertainment Technology – Recommended Guidelines for Entertainment Rigging System Inspections (revision of ANSI E1.47-2017) The standard offers guidance on inspecting entertainment rigging systems, which are systems used to lift and support scenery, luminaires, and other equipment overhead in entertainment venues, such as theatres, video/film studios, amphitheatres, and arenas used for live performances or special events.

BSR E1.62-201x, Minimum specifications for mass-produced portable platforms, ramps, stairs, and choral risers for live performance events (new standard) The standard would cover serially manufactured portable platforms, stair units and ramps used with those platforms, and choral risers. It would also cover railings provided as fall protection accessories for these units. It would not cover custom platforms or complete stage systems. It would give minimum payload and sideways force handling specifications. Project Need: There is no American National Standard that unambiguously covers the products within this proposed standard’s scope. The IBC gives a minimum distributed load rating for portable platforms, but does not provide a point load rating, a sideways load specification, or deflection criteria. DIN 15921 covers much of this material, but it is in German, and has a fairly low force specification for railings, below that for an OSHA “standard guardrail”. Stakeholders: Portable platform and choral riser manufacturers, specifiers, buyers, and users. The latter includes the technicians who must set up the portable platforms and risers and the people who must stand on them.

Information about how to participate in the development of these standards is available on ESTA’s Technical Standards Program website:  Contact: Karl Ruling, (212) 244-1505,   ESTA (Entertainment Services and Technology Association) 630 Ninth Avenue Suite 609 New York, NY 10036-3748

Issue: [17-343]

Related post: ESTA Theater Rigging Systems

Murphysboro High School Madrigal Choir

Student Paper & Video Competition

August 12, 2018
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“The School of Athens” | Raphael

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI), coordinator of the U.S. voluntary standardization system, and its Committee on Education (CoE) hosts a paper competition every year.  The purpose of this competition is part of an ANSI-led effort to raise awareness about the strategic importance of standards and conformance among U.S. undergraduate and graduate students.

The ANSI Committee on Education is in the process of judging the 2018 papers but it is not soon for students and faculty to begin drafting 2019 entries.   Copies of winning papers are linked below.

ANSI Home | Public Library | Committee on Education Student Paper Winners

Entries are due sometime in April 2019.   The ANSI Committee on Education will announce the topic of the competition and the exact due date very soon.  When that information is released to the public we will pass that information on.

Since video and multi-media entries also qualify we have linked some video examples below:

Faculty and students are welcomed to click in to our weekly Open Door teleconferences — every Wednesday 11:00 AM Eastern time — to become familiar with the the nuts and bolts of standards advocacy from our point of view (ABOUT).   Click here to log in.


Category: Academics

Colleagues: Mike Anthony (, Christine Fischer (, Paul Green (


April 27, 2018

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI), coordinator of the U.S. voluntary standardization system, and its Committee on Education (CoE) hosts a paper competition every year.  The purpose of this competition is part of an ANSI-led effort to raise awareness about the strategic importance of standards and conformance among U.S. undergraduate and graduate students.

The 2017 winners are:

Tiana Ashley Khong of San Jose State University of California is the first-place winner with a paper titled, “The World of 2050: Safety by Design”  which introduces readers to a futuristic world in which international governments and technology companies have created safety-by-design service standards with the motto “safety before innovation.” The paper emphasizes how the rise of Internet of Things (IoT) will lead to innovative intelligent buildings, autonomous vehicles, and smart roads—and these systems will increasingly rely on service safety standards to ensure optimal security for consumers and the public.

Qahtan Al Jammali of the City University of New York is the second-place winner with a paper titled,  “Cyborg Gen2330”  which is a letter written by a hybrid human machine, and highlights standards’ critical role in the compatibility and safety and well-being of all biological and mechanical constituents of the universe.

There was a cash prize and travel funding to attend World Standards Week earlier this month.

Information about submitting papers and/or videos for the 2018 competition is available at this link (Click here) or by contacting Lisa Lisa Rajchel ( or Monte Bogatz (

Entries are due by 5:00 p.m. ET on Friday, April 27, 2018.

The 2016 winners were:

Karmin Chong of the City College of New York are the first-place winners:


Amanda Goetz, Branden Hill, Libby Lee, and Jennifer Pattillo of Michigan’s Ferris State University are the second-place winners.


See related blog post:  Five Universities Receive Funding to Develop Standards Curricula



Contact: Mike Anthony (, Christine Fischer (, Paul Green (


ANSI 2017 | Student Paper Winner

August 12, 2018
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The American National Standards Institute’s Committee on Education develops long-term strategies and action steps for the academic side of the education industry to promote the integration of standards and conformity assessment in the curricula in order to educate the next generation of business leaders on the strategic impact of standards and conformity assessment.  A featured result of the strategy is the annual student paper competition.   We try to post easy access to these paper winners here with the hope that students and faculty will participate.  Today’s upload from the ANSI Student Paper Competition archive is linked below:

“Cyborg Gen2330”

Qahtan Al Jammali

The City University of New York

The ANSI Committee on Education is in the process of judging the 2018 papers but it is not soon for students and faculty to begin drafting 2019 entries.   Copies of winning papers are linked below.

ANSI Home | Public Library | Committee on Education Student Paper Winners

Entries are due sometime in April 2019.   The ANSI Committee on Education will announce the topic of the competition and the exact due date very soon.  When that information is released to the public we will pass that information on.    Feel free to communicate directly with Lisa Rajchel, Secretariat, ANSI CoE ( 212.642.4932



National Technology Transfer & Advancement Act | Part 2 of 2

August 12, 2018
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Christine Fischer | Originally posted July 21, 2015

We would like to circle back to our February 2015 coverage of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act because it forms a significant part of the foundation for technological self-determination of most US industries — including the education and health care industry.   This time we have the good fortune of having this topic enlightened by the time and expertise of Andrew Updegrove of Gesmer Updegrove, LLC — one of the leading names in global standards setting, promotional consortia and open source foundations.

Issue: [11-31]

Category: Academics, Administration & Management, Public Policy, US Department of Commerce

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Christine Fischer, Rich Robben, Andrew Updegrove


Experts Discuss Incorporation by Reference at the ANSI Legal Issues Forum

Chevron Deference

Code of Federal Regulations Incorporation by Reference

NIST | Standards Incorporated by Reference

Canadian Parliament Debate on Incorporation by Reference



International Electrotechnical Commission

August 12, 2018
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Wherever you find electricity from generation, transmission and distribution, through industrial automation, healthcare, transport, multimedia, in the home, to the battery in your phone you find a World of IEC supporting the environment, safety, performance and efficiency.

ANSI Z60.1 | Nursery Stock

August 11, 2018
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The purpose of the American Standard for Nursery Stock — ANSI Z60.1 — is to provide buyers and sellers of nursery stock with a common terminology in order to facilitate transactions involving nursery stock.  This standards establishes common techniques for

(a) measuring plants,

(b) specifying and stating the size of plants,

(c) determining the proper relationship between height and caliper, or height and width, and

(d) determining whether a root ball or container is large enough for a particular size plant.

This document — prepared under a grant to ANSI by AmericanHort — is a communication tool for the exchanges of products and services but does not provide buyers with any assurance of the health or quality of the nursery stock being specified or sold.  It does not cover labor resources.

The 2014 revision will enter another revision cycle in 2019 so it is not too early to formulate concepts to advance #TotalCostofOwnership.   Accordingly, we will place this standard on our advocacy agenda for 2019 and begin reaching out to subject matter experts in the education facility industry.  We will facilitate idea upflow from the workpoint — especially from subject matter experts who are not funded to participate in education industry trade association activities.

As with other technical and business standards, our progress is a standing item on our weekly Open Door teleconference — every Wednesday 11 AM Eastern time — which anyone may join by clicking here.

Issue: [18-160]

Category: Landscaping & Exterior

Stanford University | #TreesOfStanford by Chor Seng Tan


International Society of Arborculture ANSI Standards

NCAA | Best Lighting Practices

August 11, 2018
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Click on image for more information

After athletic arena life safety obligations are met (governed legally by NFPA 70, NFPA 101, NFPA 110,  the International Building Code and possibly other state adaptations of those consensus documents incorporated by reference into public safety law) business objective standards may come into play.

For almost all athletic facilities,  the consensus documents of the Illumination Engineering Society[1], the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers[2][3] provide the first principles for life safety.  For business purposes, the documents distributed by the National Collegiate Athletic Association inform the standard of care for individual athletic arenas so that swiftly moving media production companies have some consistency in power sources and illumination as they move from site to site.  Sometimes concepts to meet both life safety and business objectives merge.

During baseball season documents linked below provide information athletic venue designers and operators require to meet the business objectives of the NCAA:

NCAA Best Lighting Practices

Athletic programs are a significant source of revenue and form a large part of the foundation of the brand identity of most educational institutions in the United States.   We focus primarily upon the technology standards that govern the safety, performance and sustainability of these enterprises.  We collaborate very closely with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee where subject matter experts in electrical power systems meet 4 times each month in the Americas and Europe.

Issue: [15-138]*

Category: Electrical, Architectural, Arts & Entertainment Facilities, Athletics

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Jack Janveja, Chris Ehman

[1] Illumination Engineering Handbook

[2] IEEE 3001.9 Recommended Practice for Design of Power Systems for Supplying Lighting Systems for Commercial & Industrial Facilities

[3] IEEE 3006.1 Power System Reliability


* Issue numbering before 2016 dates back to the original University of Michigan codes and standards advocacy enterprise 

Trade Associations for the education industry

August 11, 2018
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Is the number of trade associations in the

education  industry its strength or its weakness?

The large number of education industry trade associations may well be the defining characteristic of an industry that is both a business and a culture.   Education professionals like to, well — “educate” — and that is likely part of the reason there are so many of them (apart from the incentives for “membership organizations” in the US tax code). None other than a largely non-profit industry could sustain this characteristic.  With this list we hope to enlighten understanding of the regulatory landscape where trade associations compete for membership revenue and the status as the “leader” and “opinion aggregator” for legislators at all levels.

Most education industry trade associations depend upon revenue from interest categories that effectively duplicate the interest categories already present on consensus standards developed according to Due process requirements for American National Standards:   The practical effect of this challenges ANSI balance-of-interest due process requirements.  The weakness of the user-interest is a wicked problem* not the fault of accredited standards developers — they devote significant resources to recruiting user-interest subject matter experts.  The lack of end-user participation resembles the central problem of participatory democracy — and one for which Standards Michigan is developing a solution.

We suggest that it is unwise for consensus standards developers — ANSI accredited, open-source or ad hoc peer-to-peer collaborations — to assume that any one of them can claim authority to speak for an entire industry with one voice.   The list below should support this claim.  National standards bodies, legislators and regulators need to be mindful of this fact.  The fragmentation of interests that we see in American society as a whole is conveyed into the education sector.   This characteristic presents challenges and opportunities.

In approximate alphabetical order:

AACC | American Association of Community Colleges

AACSB | Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business

Atlantic Association of College and University Student Services

AAC&U | American Association of Colleges and Universities

ABSAP | Association of Business School Business Professionals

ACTE | Association for Career and Technical Education | @actecareertech

American College Counseling Association (ACCA)

American College Personnel Association (ACPA)

Association of Collegiate Conference and Events Directors – International (ACCED-I)

AACRAO | American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)

AAMG | Association of Academic Museums and Galleries

AASHE | Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education

AAU | Amateur Athletic Union

AAU | American Association of Universities

AUCCCD | Association of College Counseling Center Directors 

ACCT | Association of Community College Trustees

ACE | American Council on Education

ACUA | Association of College and University Auditors@ACUA_INFO

ACUI | Association of College Unions International

ACUPA | Association of College and University Policy Administrators

ACUTA | Association of College & University Technology Advancement
(formerly Association of College & University Cable Television Administrators)

Association for University and College Counseling Center Directors (AUCCCD)

AIEA | Association of International Education Administrators 

AAHC | Association of Academic Health Centers

ACHA | American College Health Association

Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities (AICCU)

AAMC | American Association of Medical Colleges

ACSP | Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning

ACUPCC | American College & University Presidents Climate Change Commitment
(changed to SecondNature.ORG)

ADANDD | Association of Deans and Directors of  University Colleges and Undergraduate Studies 

ADEA | American Dental Education Association

AIR | American Institutes for Research

AERA | American Education Research Foundation

Association of Fraternity Advisors (AFA)

AAHHE | American Association of Hispanics in Higher Education

AHEAD | Association on Higher Education and Disability

APPA | Leadership in Education Facilities
(formerly the Association of Physical Plant Administrators)

APLU | Association of Public & Land-Grant Universities

AGB | Association of Governing Boards

Association of Higher Education Parent/Family Programming Professionals (AHEPPP)

AHECTA | Association of Higher Education Cable Television Administrators

ACUHO-i | Association of College & University Housing Officials International

ASHE | Academic Medical Centers

AMCSUS | Association of Military Colleges & Schools of the United States

Association of Arts Administration Educators

Association for Event Management Education

Association of College Student Affairs Professionals

Association of College Administration Professionals (ACAP)

Association for Tertiary Education Management

AUPresses | Association of University Presses

AURP | Association of University Research Parks

AUREO | Association of University Real Estate Officials

ASBO International | Association of School Business Officials International | @ASBOIntl 

Association for Student Conduct Administration (ASCA)

American Student Government Association (ASGA)

AAUA | American Association of University Administrators

AUA | Association of University Architects

AUE | Association of University Engineers (UK)

AUTM | Association of University Technology Managers

CACUBO | Central Association of College and University Business Officers

California College Personnel Association

California Colleges for International Education (CCIE)

California Community College Student Affairs Association

CFTA | Campus FM Technology Management Association

Campus Parking and Transportation Association

CAPCSD | Council of Academic Programs in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Carnegie Classification of Higher Education Institutions

CASE | Council for Advancement and Support of Education

CCCU | Council for Christian Colleges & Universities

Center for Campus Fire Safety

CGS | Council for Graduate Schools

CHEA | Council for Higher Education Accreditation

Clery Center for Security on Campus

CLSI | Clinical Laboratory Safety Institute (services for-profit research enterprises also)

COGR | Council on Government Relations

Collegiate Information and Visitor Services Association (CIVSA)

Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area 

Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS)

Council of Higher Education Management Associations (CHEMA)

Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE)

Council on Law in Higher Education (CLHE)

CUCU | College and University Recycling Coalition

CUR | Council on Undergraduate Research

CUPAHR | College and University Professional Association for Human Resources

CSHEMA | Campus Safety and Environmental Management Association

EACUBO | Eastern Association of College and University Business Officers

Eastern Association of Colleges and Employers (EACE)

Education Commission of the States

Education Market Association


Educational Theater Association

EFC | Education Facilities Clearinghouse

Smith College Campus Center | Click on image

IAU | International Association of Universities

IACLEA | International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators

IFMA | International Facility Management Association (Has public sector membership)

ICBA | Independent College Bookstore Association

International School Theater Association

IAUP | International Association of University Presidents

International University Theatre Association

Jesuit Association of Student Personnel Administrators (JASPA)

Michigan Association of Superintendents and Administrators

MCCA | Michigan Community College Association | @MIColleges



NACUA | National Association of College and University Attorneys

National Academic Advising Association (NACADA)

National Association of Academic Advisors for Athletics (N4A)

National Association of Advisors for the Health Professions, Inc. (NAAHP)

National Center for Campus Public Safety

National Association for Campus Activities (NACA)

National Association of College Auxiliary Services (NACAS)

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

National Association Of School Safety & Law Enforcement Officials

NACCU | National Association of Campus Card Users

National Association of College and University Residence Halls (NACURH)

NACDA | National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics

National Association for Developmental Education (NADE)

National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC)

NASFAA | National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators

NBOA | National Business Officers Association

NACUFS | National Association of College & University Food Services

NACUBO | National Association of College and University Business Officers

NACS | National Association of College Stores

NACUMS | National Association of College and University Mail Services

NAFSA | Association of International Educators

NAICU |National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities

NCURA | National Council of University Research Administrators

NCAA | National Collegiate Athletic Association

NCCI | National Consortium for Continuous Improvement in Higher Education

NCEF | National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities

National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)

NFMA | National Fleet Management Association (Membership includes colleges and universities)

National Association of Graduate Admissions Professionals (NAGAP)

NASSP | National Association of Secondary School Principals | @NASSP

NIRSA | National Intramural Recreational Sports Association

NAIA | National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics

NIAAA | National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association

National Commission on Financing 21st Century Higher Education | University of Virginia

NCBA | Northwest College Bookstore Association

NJSBGA | New Jersey School Buildings and Grounds Association

NSTA | National School Transportation Association

The Pell Institute

SACS | Southern Association of Colleges and Schools

SACUBO | Southern Association of College and University Business Officers

SI | The Simon Institute

SCUP | Society for College and University Planning

SSHEO | State Higher Education Executive Officers Association


Vanderbilt University

University Innovation Alliance

UNA | University Neighborhoods Association

University Resident Theater Association

URMIA | University Risk Management and Insurance Association

WACUBO | Western Association of College and University Business Officers

WHES | Washington Area Higher Education Secretariat


N.B. There are regional subdivisions of the organizations on the foregoing list



Last update: August 11,  2018

  • A “wicked problem” is a problem that is difficult or impossible to solve because of incomplete, contradictory, and changing requirements that are often difficult to recognize. The use of the term “wicked” here has come to denote resistance to resolution, rather than evil.  Moreover, because of complex interdependencies, the effort to solve one aspect of a wicked problem may reveal or create other problems.


“Omnibus Spending” Legislation

August 11, 2018
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Everyone in this photograph is likely taking campaign contributions from interest groups that sell products and services to the public sector.

We generally focus our leading practice discovery resources on safety and sustainability optimization opportunities that are too technical for policy experts; or too political for technical experts.  It is a rarefied space.  We describe the wicked problem of getting user-interest subject matter experts into the discussions that determine the cost structure of the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States as a problem not unlike the central problem of participatory democracy in our ABOUT.

Working to avoid cost is not as tangible as working to increase revenue.  Working in the public sector in which the prevailing attitude is that “it is everyone’s money” is even more difficult.  However, if we are able to “ding” the cost structure of a $300 billion industry by only a half-percent by reducing destructive competition and redundancy that is still $1.5 billion of avoided cost every year.   Cost reduction often drives innovation which also drives revenue growth.

From time to time, however — usually on weekends — we break form to devote limited resources to understanding how money flows through the arteries of the US federal government to our workpoint in schools, colleges, universities and university-affiliated medical research and clinical delivery enterprises.  Of particular interest are money flows to various federal agencies whose activity affects the cost structure of education industry buildings and infrastructure.

Linked below it is the so-called “Omnibus Spending Bill” passed last week by the US Congress:

US Congress | Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018

“Comments” are due September 30, 2018.   By this we mean that the bill is effective only until the end of the 2018 fiscal year.  Individuals have the right to approach their own state congressmen about their comments on how future federal budgets shall be crafted. (List of current members of the U.S. Congress)

Because the legislation is 2200-odd pages long we recommend searching on terms such as the following:

Department of Commerce | Allocations begin on Page 130

Department of Energy | Allocations begin on Page 428

Department of Education | Allocations begin on Page 981

Other recommended search terms: “university”, “college”, “schools”, “institute”, “facilities”,  “hospital”, “infrastructure”, “electric”, “telecommunications”, “buildings”,  “science”, “athletic”, or the name of any state.  One wonders why the US Congress could not have presented this information on a spreadsheet.  Perhaps someone soon shall.

All federal actions are on the standing agenda of our weekly Open Door teleconferences — every Wednesday, 11 AM Eastern Time.   Anyone is welcomed to join them.  Click here to log in.

Issue: [18-83]

Category: Public Policy, US Department of Education, US Department of Commerce, US Department of Energy

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben

Appalachian State University

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

August 10, 2018
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The heating and cooling requirements of K-12 schools, college and university educational, medical research and healthcare delivery campuses are a large market for boiler pressure vessel manufacturers, installers, maintenance personnel and inspectors.  The safety rules for these large, complex and frankly, fearsome systems have been developed by many generations of mechanical engineering professionals in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC).  Many state and local governments incorporate the BPVC by reference into public safety regulations.

Section VIII of the BPVC — Rules for Construction — has been revised recently by its technical committee with those revisions now open for public review.  There are many changes as can be seen in the redlines available in the link below:

Proposed changes BPVC Rules for Construction.

Comments are due August 20, 2018.   It is rare that a knowledgeable boiler professional directly employed by a school district, college or university is given the resources to participate in the development of this standard (though we are helping ANSI standards developers identify informed voices for the user interest in this large market).  As we explain in ABOUT — the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States — the leaders of the education industry only finance compliance, enforcement and sustainability enterprises for this technology.   The informed voices for the meaningful evolution of this technology may, at best, come from engineering consultants and/or manufacturers with expertise in boiler and pressure vessel technology who are most accurately identified as General Interest or Producers in the US standards system (not a Users).

At the moment, getting the commenting opportunity known to the user interest in the thousands of heating and cooling shops in the education industry is the best we can do.    ASME has identified Steven Rossi ( as the contact person for obtaining more information about the action in this standard.  We will, of course, keep this and all other ASME consensus documents as standing items on the agenda of our weekly Open Door teleconferences, every Wednesday, 11:00 AM Eastern Time,  Login information is available in the link below:


Issue: [12-33]. [15-4], [15-161], [16-77] and [18-4]

Contact: Richard Robben (



Original post: February 12, 2018

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