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Snow Removal Standards


Snow Removal Standards

November 15, 2018
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We have been following the only accredited American national standard for snow removal in the United States developed by the Accredited Snow Contractors Association (ASCA).  With winter hard upon us campus facility managers would be well served to review the ANSI accredited ASCA standards suite.  Even when only partially adopted, use of ANSI accredited standards reduces the “wheel reinvention” that is common to the business side of the education industry when new initiatives, or continuous improvement programs are undertaken without consideration of already existing leading practice discovery by ANSI-accredited technical committees.

In 2014, ASCA released their American national standard ANSI/ASCA A1000-2014: System Requirements for Snow and Ice Management Services, is intended to be implemented and applied (on a voluntary basis) in conjunction with ISO 9001 with respect to the processes of providing snow and ice management services.  The standard notes the following best practices for snow placement:

  • If snow can be removed from a lot or hard surface and appropriate room exists, always push the snow as far back as possible beyond the curb or lot edge to make room for additional snow.
  • If snow cannot be removed from a lot or hard surface, always place snow piles on a predetermined spot approved by the client and marked on the snow contractor’s preseason site report.  
  • Do not pile snow in a handicap parking space.
  • Do not bury or plow snow onto a fire hydrant, post indicator valve, or fire hookup along the building wall.
  • Avoid placement of snow piles where thaw/melt off can run across the parking lot surface. Try to place piles near drain grates to avoid icy situations during thaw-and-refreeze periods.
  • Do not push snow against a building.
  • Do not block building doorways or emergency exits.
  • Do not block pedestrian walks or paths with snow piles.
  • Do not push snow onto motor vehicles.
  • Do not plow snow in front of or bury trash containers. Sidewalk labor must shovel inside trash container enclosure for access to the doors. If the container is not in an enclosure, create a clear path to the access doors or panels.

In addition to the ASCA/ANSI standards, if colleges and universities are dealing with space issues as a result of the quantity of snowfall this upcoming season, the removal and relocation of the snow from the site may need to be considered. How will you approach snow placement this winter?  With the record snowfall in the U.S. in the past two years, what best practices have you established for your snow removal teams?  These answers, and other perspective, covered in the link below:

This standard is scheduled for another 5-year revisit in 2019.  We will keep you informed.  Alternatively, you may communicate directly with ASCA, 5811 Canal Road
Valley View, OH 44125, Ph: (800) 456-0707.

Issue: [13-104]

Category:  Landscaping & Exterior, Public Safety

Colleagues: John Lawter, Richard Robben



Prevention of Slips, Trips and Falls

November 15, 2018
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Brigham Young University

The mission of the National Floor Safety Institute (NFSI) is to aid in the prevention of slips, trips-and-falls through education, research, and standards development.  NFSI provides a wide range of services including independent product testing and certification, educational training, and standards development.  Through the American National Standards institute NFSI has announced the initiation of a new standards project:

BSR/NFSI B101.6-201x, Standard Guide for Commercial Entrance Matting in Reducing Slips, Trips and Falls (new standard)

Project Need: This standard is directed to reducing slip, trip, and fall hazards related to soil, moisture, and/or other contaminant’s conditions.

Stakeholders: General public, consumers, leisure/recreational, commercial, mercantile, household and manufacturers.   This standard provides the criteria for the selection, installation, inspection, care, and maintenance of entrance mats and runners in commercial facilities in reducing slips, trips, and falls.

NFSI invites public participation at the link below:

NFSI Standards Landing Page

(Note that NFSI has a facility on this page for you to report a slip or fall)

At this point the announcement of the launch of a new standards project by NFSI is procedural — conforming to ANSI’s due process requirements which is essentially the “Constitution” for privately developed consensus technical and business standards in the United States.  No public review drafts are ready for comment.   Stakeholders interested in participating may communicate directly with Russell Kendzior at NFSI, P.O. Box 92607, Southlake, TX 76092, (817) 749-1700,

There are several accredited standards developers in this space.  We track all operations and maintenance standards for the education industry and are happy to discuss them any day at 11 AM Eastern time.  Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page CLICK HERE to log in.

Issue: [18-193]

Category: Risk Management, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, John Lawter, Richard Robben

Link to ANSI Standards Action Announcement | PDF Page 16

LEARN MORE:  Some perspective from other standards developers of related operation and maintenance standards:

Snow Removal Standards

Heat Tracing

November 15, 2018
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Winter weather pipe-breaking and subsequent water flooding incidents on educational campuses around the world draw attention to Underwriters Laboratory product standard UL 515 Standard for Electrical Resistance Trace Heating for Commercial Applications which was last revised in July 2015.    From the home page of UL 515: the scope is as follows:

    (UL 515) requirements cover electrical resistance trace heating for commercial applications as applied to piping, vessels, traced tube bundles, and mechanical equipment. Trace heating includes heating panels and associated parts. This equipment is intended for installation in ordinary locations in accordance with the following installation guidelines:

  • National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, Article 427
  • IEEE Standard for the Testing, Design, Installation, and Maintenance of Electrical Resistance Trace Heating for Commercial Applications, IEEE 515.1.

    Trace heating covered by this Standard is intended for applications where it is exposed to weather, unless specific markings and instructions limit the applications.

    Trace heating may be installed on metal or rigid plastic pipes. Unless specific recommendations are made for the plastic pipe material to be heated, plastic pipes are considered to have a maximum long-term thermal exposure limit of 50°C (122°F).

UL 515 is on a 5-year revision cycle; though comments on its improvement may be directed at any time to Julio Morales    A review of the Standards Technical Panel suggests that User-Interest input — quite possibly product success and failure information — would be welcomed.    In future posts, we will sort through the interdependency of related NFPA and IEEE standards.

Issue: [18-10]

Category: Architectural, Electrical,  Structural, Facility Asset Managemet

Contact: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Richard Robben




National Electrical Safety Code

November 15, 2018
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The power restoration activity now underway in the areas of the US affected by Hurricanes Michael and Florence inspires a revisit of the standard to which public utilities build the overhead and underground power and telecommunication wiring for the communities they serve. We collaborate closely with the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee (IEEE E&H) to raise the standard of care for power security on the emergent #SmartCampus.  Another IEEE consensus document — IEEE 1366 Guide for Electrical Power Distribution Reliability Indices — is also used  by state utility commissions for setting reliability  benchmarks.  The IEEE E&H Committee tracks campus power outages as a research project.  

Several proposals recommending improvements to the 2017 National Electrical Safety Code (NESC) were submitted to the IEEE subcommittees drafting the 2022 revision of the NESC.   They are fairly technical and subtle in their implications for the advancement of safety and sustainability in campus power distribution systems.   Some of the proposals deal with coordination with the National Electrical Code — which is now deep in 2020 revision cycle

Keep in mind that that NESC is revised every 5 years at the moment.  The next steps in the 2022 NESC development will span across most of the next 12 months as the various subcommittees meet a prepare written response to public input and release those responses no later than July 1, 2019.  The complete schedule is linked below:

IEEE C2 National Electrical Safety Code 2022 Revision Schedule

Comments are due March 1, 2020. 

The subcommittee that coordinates standards action between the IEEE and NFPA suite of technical standards — IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 18 — will also be hosting worksessions in the coming months.   While those work sessions are generally closed to the public, some of the concepts will be open for discussion during any of the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities online committee meetings which meets 4 times monthly in Europe and the Americas.

IEEE E&H Committee

Business unit leaders, facility managers and electrical engineers working in the education facilities industry may be interested in the campus power system reliability database.   Forced outages in on large research campuses, for example, can have enterprise interruption cost of $100,000 to $1,000,000 per minute.    The database discriminates between forced outages attributed to public utility interruptions and forced outages attributed to the university-owned power system.   The E&H committee will convey some of the discipline applied by the IEEE 1366 technical committee into its study of campus power systems; many of which are larger than publicly owned or cooperative utilities.


Issue: [16-67]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Robert G. Arno, Lorne Clark, Nehad El-Sharif, Jim Harvey, Kane Howard, Joe Weber, Guiseppe Parise, Jim Murphy

Category: Electrical, Energy Conservation & Management, Occupational Safety


P1366 – Guide for Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices 


Posted July 12

With the balloting of the First Draft of the 2020 National Electrical Code (the NEC, a consensus document developed by the National Fire Protection Association) now completed, we turn our attention to the 2022 revision of the National Electrical Safety Code (te NESC, a consensus document developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers).*

We collaborate with the IEEE SCC-18 and the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee in developing safety and sustainability concepts unique to educational facilities — particularly the campuses of large research universities where the power systems are on the order of 25 to 250 connected MVA.    Power systems this large are unregulated by public service commissions because they are considered premises wiring by the NEC and considered to be on the customer side of the point of common coupling by investor-owned utilities who are.   Coupled with the NEC, the NESC sets the standard of care for all exterior campus power system design, construction and maintenance.

Public input is due July 16, 2018.   All IEEE consensus documents are on the standing agenda of our weekly Open Door teleconference — every Wednesday, 11:00 AM Eastern time.  Click here to log in.  The next teleconference of the E&H committee is scheduled for June 9th.  Anyone is welcomed to join either of the two teleconferences hosted bi-weekly during the business day of Europe (15:00 – 15:30) and the Americas (3:00 – 3:30 PM EDT) with the login information on the IEEE E&H website:

Issue: [16-67]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Robert G. Arno, Lorne Clark, Nehad El-Sharif, Jim Harvey, Kane Howard, Joe Weber, Guiseppe Parise, Jim Murphy

Category: Electrical, Energy Conservation & Management, Occupational Safety

Walla Walla University

*The NFPA is an organization with fire safety as a primary consideration.  The IEEE is an organization with the safety and sustainability of electrotechnology as a primary consideration.  These are two different complementary but oftentimes competing cultures with respect to sustaining the business model of an accredited consensus standards developer.

Guidelines for Addressing Sustainability in Standards

November 15, 2018
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Click on image for more information

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is updating its 2014 Guidelines for addressing sustainability in standards (CLICK HERE).  ISO Guide 82:2014 provides guidance to standards writers on how to take account of sustainability in the drafting, revision and updating of ISO standards and similar deliverables.  It outlines a methodology that ISO standards writers can use to develop their own approach to addressing sustainability on a subject-specific basis.

At the moment the ISO Technical Management Board has agreed to do a limited revision to ISO Guide 82 to include information on how ISO standards can support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The revision will be limited to including content related to how ISO standards relate to and/or support the standards development groups.  The rest of ISO Guide 82 will not be not up for revision at this time.

The ISO member body in the United States — the American National Standards Institute (ANSI); specifically its International Policy Committee — has scheduled an online meeting for Thursday, November 15th, at 1:00 PM Eastern Time during which time ANSI is seeking United States experts to serve on the U.S. Virtual Technical Advisory Group (VTAG) to support this revision.  Experts interested in participating on the U.S. VTAG for revising ISO Guide 82 should contact ANSI’s Daniel Wiser by e-mail at   A sense of the level of discussion may be obtained from the link below:

18-84 ISO 82 Guidelines for Sustainability Standards N13_Collated_comments_from_first_WG_consultation_Guide_82_-_With_secretariat_observations

Additionally, Standards Michigan hosts an open, online teleconference every month to sweep through the 20-odd ISO and International Electrotechnical Commission standards in which it has participated for the better part of twenty years.   Since participation in ISO standards development by the US education industry is virtually non-existent undergraduate and graduate students in business, law, public policy and international studies will likely be enlightened by the direction and pace of international technical and business standards development and are welcomed to click in.     The next teleconference is scheduled for this Friday, November 16th, 11:00 AM Eastern time.  (Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page).


Issue: [18-84]

Category: International, #SmartCampus, Facilities Asset Management

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Christine Fischer, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben, Larry Spielvogel


ANSI Standards Action | Page 30

List of ISO Technical committees

Using and referencing ISO and IEC standards to support public policy

ISO Guide 82 (2014): Guidelines for addressing sustainability in standards

Education Facilities as Storm Shelters

November 15, 2018
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West Harrison High | Gulfport, Mississippi | FEMA Photo by Tim Burkitt (2010)

We continue to follow the trend of thinking on the use (and “hardening”) of education facilities as community storm shelters.   As central, community assets, such use makes sense but we must be mindful that the codes and standards that determine the standard of care for the built environment are highly networked with consensus documents incorporated by reference into public safety law.

The International Code Council Structural working group of the ICC Building Code Action Committee (BCAC) that is charged with sorting through these specifics have made progress since our previous coverage.

ICC Structural WG Group B items 16.1 Storm Shelters Rev 2 (11-13-2018) (003)

This work group seems to have found a way to reconcile the competing requirements of safety and economy in its ICC-required Reason Statement, reproduced here to signal the complexity of the topic:

“Reason: The existing language in Table 1604.5 requires Risk Category IV structural design criteria for ‘earthquake, hurricane or other emergency shelters’. However, the application of the provision is problematic for each of the three cases. Firstly, people do not take shelter from an earthquake, because there is no (or insufficient) warning time for seismic events. Instead, people displaced by an earthquake come to designated facilities to recover and await notification that their residences – if still standing – are safe to re-inhabit.  For hurricane, Section 423 of the IBC requires hurricane shelters that are intended to provide safety during an event to be designed and constructed in accordance with ICC 500. The structural criteria in ICC 500 far exceed Risk Category IV criteria for wind resistance. In both cases, the intent of requiring Risk Category IV is to maintain continuation of operations in the affected communities after the natural disaster, and as such should apply to facilities designated for recovery only. Lastly, the term ‘other emergency shelter’ is too broad and not applicable to most (or all) other types of natural disaster. Risk Category IV criteria will not protect a building against wildfire and tsunami recovery facilities are already addressed in (insert reference here). 

The purpose of this code change proposal is to clarify the intent of Table 1604.5 with respect to classifying designated recovery facilities as Risk Category IV and to correlate the provisions with Section 423, Storm Shelters. Code changes to 2018 IBC (G32, developed and co-sponsored by BCAC, FEMA and NIST) was approved (AMPC) to clarify that shelters built for protection during wind storms and in accordance with ICC 500 are not emergency shelters that are required to be designed as Risk Category IV structures in accordance with Section 1604.5 unless they are also designated for emergency use after the storm. Without the proposed modification to the existing emergency shelter language in Table 1604.5, designers and code officials have no indication that the provisions in Section 423 exempt storm shelters from Risk Category IV requirements when constructed in accordance with ICC 500 and intended for use during the storm only.”

Complicated, isn’t it?

It would be nice to see subject matter experts from the largest non-residential building construction market in the United States* participate in this process.   Professors of structural engineering, Directors of Architecture in facility units, or Department Heads of Architectural-Engineering firms that produce design documents for educational facilities’ including university-affiliated hospitals would likely have an informed point of view.

You are encouraged to communicate directly with Edward L. Wirtschoreck, Director – Codes Development Central Regional Office and staff administrator for the BCAC (

While the BCAC meets monthly, the  2019 Committee Action Hearings (Group B Codes) will be held April 28 – May 8, 2019 at the Albuquerque Convention Center ( CLICK HERE for registration information).   In the intervening time, we will continue tracking a selected set of ICC building safety concepts during our monthly roundup of architectural and structural code and standards development; the next session scheduled for November 27th, 11 AM Eastern time.   Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.

Issue: [Various]

Category: Architectural, Facility Asset Management, Space Planning

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben



Direct link to ICC Building Code Action Committee

The Latest in ICC 500 Storm Shelter and FEMA Safe Room Requirements


Posted October 16, 2018

We continue to follow the trend of thinking on the use (and “hardening”) of education facilities as community storm shelters.   As central, community assets, such use makes sense.

Workgroups organized under the ICC Building Code Action Committee continue to refine their thinking ahead of the Richmond meetings later this month; as can be seen in the document linked below*:

ICC BCAC Redline Status of Structural WG Group B

There are other concepts running through this committee’s agenda that should interest the education facilities industry:

  • Structural wood and windforce-resistance systems
  • Roofing aggregate
  • Gutters, coping and ice shields
  • Glass handrails, balusters, infill panels and guards

Technical committees move incrementally because of the network of safety concepts that appear in other codes and standards.   The larger issue for the education facilities industry is the degree to which it wants to be involved in the decision-making about whether education facilities that have the capacity to be community storm shelters, the standard to which they should be designed, and who should pay for it.

We are happy to continue the discussion any day at 11 AM.   Case histories and war stories are always welcomed.   Use the login credentials at the top right of our home page.

Issue: [Various]

Category: Architectural, Facility Asset Management, Space Planning

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben

Direct link to ICC Building Code Action Committee



Cambridge University

Posted September 22, 2018

The hurricanes in the Carolinas these past few days provide a backdrop, and some perspective, on proposals for the use of education facilities — one of the largest publicly-owned assets — as storm shelters.   Obviously, probable disasters vary according to geography — i.e. earthquake, flooding, high winds.  Even when new prescriptive requirements, or performance guidelines, appear in the enforceable part of the national standard, state adaptations are not only possible but probable.

We have covered the use of education facilities in previous International Building Code (IBC) posts and also in our advocacy in NFPA 1600 which sets the standards of care for disaster management and business continuity.   The governing principle in the use of any facility as a storm shelter — covered in Section 423 of the IBC –is whether or not it has been built, and maintained, with sufficient structural integrity (Follow the tread on PDF Page 737).   As we have seen in proposals now under consideration by the American Society of Civil Engineers, structural integrity includes preservation of structural integrity after flood damage.

International Code Council (ICC) staff is now working with volunteer technical committee members to prepare public comments for the Public Comment Hearings next month.  The Group A Codes have hundreds of proposals to act upon so it is wise for ICC staff prepare these comments in order for them to be fairly balloted by volunteer technical committee members at the Group A Code Hearings next month.  Group A technical committee have an ambitious agenda.

ICC Group A Public Comment Monograph | 1613 pages

It is difficult to follow idea flow through the Group A I-Codes without some help.  Accordingly we will walk through the monograph for all Group A I-Codes on October 4th and October 11th, 11 AM Eastern time. (Use the login credentials at the top right of our home page.)  The second stage of the ICC code development process differs from the first stage but there are workarounds to make the voice of the education facilities industry heard.   Use the login credentials at the top right of our home page.

University of Richmond

Posted July 5, 2018

IBC Group E Concepts | Education Facility Storm Shelters

A number of candidate code changes regarding the use of education facilities for storm shelters were debated during April’s International Code Council Spring Committee Action Hearings in Columbus, Ohio.  These have been identified in our previous post and are described partially* here  for reference:

Proposal G13-18 is the lead proposal for a group of related proposals to require storm shelter construction.  (PDF Page 633 of the Complete Monograph):

“Storm shelters shall be provided for Group E occupancies where required by Section 423.4”

Proposal G59-18 is related proposal in Section 423 Storm Shelters.  (PDF Page 737 of the Complete Monograph):

“Where designated storm shelters are constructed as a room or space within a host building which will normally be occupied for other purposes, the requirements of the code for the occupancy of the building, or the individual rooms or spaces thereof, shall apply unless otherwise required by ICC 500.

Both proposals claim no cost impact.  The intent to clarify and coordinate concepts within the document may actually reduce cost (by reducing confusion with education facility planners in high-risk parts of the United States) and thereby contribute to the safety agenda of Standards Michigan.   The testimony, pro-and-con, during yesterday’s hearings were more nuanced, however.

Comments are due July 16th.  Additionally, public comment is possible at the Fall Committee Action Hearings.   The results of the Group A Hearings will be revisited during the Group A Public Comment Hearings, October 24-31, 2018 in Richmond Virginia.  See: Complete 2018 Group A Schedule.

We keep the entire ICC suite on the standing agenda of our weekly Open Door Teleconference — every Wednesday, 11 AM Eastern Time.  Click here to log in.   We have also set aside Thursday, July 12th, 11:00 AM online Markup Session to collaborate with others in the education facilities industry.

ICC Group A Markup Session


Issue: [Various]

Category: Architectural, Facility Asset Management, Space Planning

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jack Janveja, Richard Robben

*Most consensus documents developed for incorporation by reference into public safety law are highly networked within themselves — i.e. contain internal references that require understanding of the context in several places in the text.  In other words, ideas from several positions in the text must be understood in their entirety. 


Ozarks schools continue building tornado shelters despite fewer grants


Last posted April 18, 2018

Standards Curricula Program

November 15, 2018
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NIST Headquarters (Click on image)

The Standards Coordination Office of the National Institute of Standards and Technology conducts standards-related programs, and provides knowledge and services that strengthen the U.S. economy and improve the quality of life.  Its goal is to equip U.S. industry with the standards-related tools and information necessary to effectively compete in the global marketplace. 

Every year it awards grants to colleges and universities through its Standards Services Curricula Cooperative Agreement Program  to provide financial assistance to support curriculum development for the undergraduate and/or graduate level. These cooperative agreements support the integration of standards and standardization information and content into seminars, courses, and learning resources. The recipients will work with NIST to strengthen education and learning about standards and standardization. 

The 2019 grant cycle will require application submissions before April 30, 2019.   Specifics about the deadline will be posted on the NIST and ANSI websites.  We will pass on those specifics as soon as they are known.*

The winners of the 2018 grant cycle are Bowling Green State University, Michigan State University,  Oklahoma State University, and Texas A&M University. (Click here)

The University of Michigan received an award during last year’s grant cycle.   An overview of the curriculum — human factors in automotive standards  — is linked below:

NIST Standards Curricula INTRO Presentation _ University of Michigan Paul Green

Information about applying for the next grant cycle is available at this link (Click here) and also by communicating with Ms. Mary Jo DiBernardo (301-975-5503;


* Last year the application submissions were due at NIST on April 16, 2018Click here for link to the previous announcement.   It is likely that the deadline for the current year grant cycle will follow the same pattern.

Cleaning Chemical Safety

November 15, 2018
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Ranchview High School | Irvine, Texas

The Simon Institute has released the first in a series of standards developed for custodian workplace safety:  SI 0001 Safe Use of Cleaning Chemicals (new standard).  From the revised project prospectus:

The purpose of the Safe Use of Cleaning Chemicals standard is to provide guidance in the handling, use, and disposal of janitorial cleaning chemicals, as well as to provide standards for training of cleaning chemical workers and their supervisors. Specific processes are provided to protect workers who might become exposed to unsafe situations involving cleaning chemicals. The scope of this standard includes all circumstances where cleaning workers may be exposed to cleaning chemical hazards used in routine cleaning activities in janitorial, custodial and housekeeping applications. The standard does not prescribe specific cleaning techniques or processes.

Comments are due December 17th.  

You may obtain an electronic copy of the exposure draft from: and may send comments (with copy to to:   You may also contact Kristie McNealy at the Simon Institute (307-282-0795), for more information.

Issue: [13-77]

Category: Occupational Health & Safety, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Richard Robben, John Lawter, Kristie McNealy, Ben Walker


Park City High School | Park City, Utah

Posted October 11, 2018


The Simon Institute is in the process of revising its standard SI-0001 Safe Use of Cleaning Chemicals.  From the project prospectus:

Cleaning workers and patrons of facilities are injured or killed due to improper chemical handling. Accidents are frequently caused by what are considered to be “safe” household cleaning chemicals. On other occasions, the accident is a result of misusing and/or mixing dangerous chemicals that have no place in a regular cleaning operation.  (LEARN MORE HERE)

The status of the current revision of SI-0001 incorporates comments which were approved by a majority of the Consensus Body Members who submitted ballots on Ballot #2.  Circulation of the exposure draft is limited to the Simon Institute Consensus Body at the moment but subject matter experts in the education facilities industry are welcomed to participate in the continued development of this and other Simon Institute standards.  To do so you may contact Kristie McNealy at the Simon Institute (307-282-0795), for more information.

We invite front line custodial workers to our open-door teleconferences; every day at 11 AM EDT.   Use the login credentials at the upper right of our home page.


Issue: [13-77]

Category: Occupational Health & Safety, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Richard Robben, John Lawter, Ben Walker




Posted October 15, 2017

It is difficult to underestimate the contribution an ANSI accredited suite of standards for custodial enterprises will make to our industry’s #TotalCostofOwnership agenda.   In 2013, seeing that there were no accredited consensus standards for the education facilities industry, custodial service experts at the University of Michigan approached two trade associations to create these standards.  (See History of University of Michigan Leadership in Infrastructure Standards).  The Simon Institute responded  and has begun the rollout several of them; a few listed below:

Issue: [13-77]

Category: Occupational Health & Safety, Facility Asset Management

Colleagues: Richard Robben, John Lawter, Ben Walker, John Walker





Emergency Shower & Eyewash Testing

November 15, 2018
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We have struggled for years to install performance-based inspection, testing and maintenance methods into this particular regulatory product developed by the International Safety Equipment Association:

Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Stations: ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2014

We have struggled on many fronts, not the least of which is obtaining data that will persuade a technical committee that is dominated by manufacturers; a condition seen in many standards development committees.   As can be seen in our legacy workspace (linked below), and in the short article we prepared for one of the many education industry trade associations, we think that this technology is over-specified and over-inspected.

Price Discovery in Workplace Safety


We found one university-affiliated hospital that was monitoring  compliance

of one eyewash station and/or emergency shower for every patient bed


Not all is bad news, however: the level of debate has been elevated.   We are tracing some proposals that align (somewhat) with our #TotalCostofOwnership agenda for the user-interest in the education facility industry have been picked up by other consensus standards developers — notably by the International Code Council – and described in previous posts (below).   Our colleagues at Northwestern University, working through the Campus Safety and Environmental Health Association have also proposed that compliance agencies adopt a European performance standard linked below:

Note that this is a 2006 consensus document produced from central European regulator that may inspire leading practice discovery and safety promulgation in other nations.

The 2019 revision of ISEA Z358.1 is now in process and, based upon information posted on the ISEA website, the technical committee will be convening again at the ISEA Annual Conference. November 28-30 in Alexandia, Virginia.  CLICK HERE for more information.

The Z358.1 | ANSI Standard for Emergency Shower & Eyewash Testing committee will meet Wednesday, November 28th, 8:30 AM – 12:00 Noon in Alexandria, Virginia.  This is all the information we have at the moment.   Education industry facility managers should feel free to click in any day at 11 AM EDT for a status check and enlightened discussion. Use the login credentials at the upper right of our homepage.

Issue: [13-28] and [16-69]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben, Mark Schaufele, Ron George




ANSI Essential Requirements: Due process requirements for American National Standards

(Recommended for an understanding of the “user-interest” in the global standards system

Link to Legacy Workspace

Who Are “Incumbent Stakeholders”?




Posted June 23, 2018

We find emergency shower and eyewash safety and sustainability concepts tracking in the next revision of the International Plumbing Code.  A simple search on the word “eyewash” in the link below identifies the response of the ICC Group A plumbing technical committee to proposals to modify the requirements for location, operation and maintenance of this technology:

2018 Report of the Committee Action Hearings

As stated throughout this advocacy stream, in supporting the education industry “user-interest” #TotalCostofOwnership agenda do not object to the specific safety technology itself; we are simply advocating for more risk-informed criteria and site-specific performance guidelines.   Ahead of the next public announcement by the ISEA technical committee we will host an online teleconference to evaluate the International Plumbing Code proposals (now open for public review) for the application of this essential safety technology.

Anyone may join this teleconference — July 12th, 11:00 – 11:30 AM Eastern time — with the login information below:

Teleconference Login Information


Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Stations: ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2014

Posted May 24, 2018

University of Delaware | Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Laboratory

We have been advocating for risk-informed applications of emergency shower and eyewash testing safety technologies since the 2014 revision of ISEA Z358.1 | ANSI Standard for Emergency Shower & Eyewash Testing (Click here).    Through indications received from many users in research enterprises in the education industry, the quantity overspecification and the fixed interval testing of this safety technology imposes a financial burden that prohibits scarce preventive maintenance resources from being allocated to other safety technologies where risk is higher.

We have not had much success in this advocacy project (begun ahead of the 2014 revision cycle) owing to the dominance of manufacturer, compliance and enforcement interests.  Admittedly, great deal of resistance to change originates in the rather well-funded compliance enterprises in research universities also.  As in many ANSI-accredited standards suites, the manufacturers — the organizations that support the trade association – write the standard to reduce their risk.  Only after the public standard is written is the user-interest — the stakeholder in university research enterprises in the best position to manage all dimensions of risk — allowed to vote.   The stakeholder we have in mind is the principal investigator who has received the research grant — not the university compliance officer.

The 2019 revision to ISEA Z358.1 is under development now and was on the agenda of ISEA’s Annual Executive Summit that took place May 6-8 in Arlington, Virginia.   It is noteworthy that laboratory safety technology is on the agenda of the International Code Council’s Group A Code Development Cycle.   One proposal for laboratory safety can be found on Page 10 (Item K322) of the link below:

Healthcare Proposals Group A I-2 11-29-2017 File 16-69 and 13-28

The proposal for inclusion into the International Fire Code (IFC) appears to expand the application of the safety technology.   Whatever concepts we have proposed in the past for  ISEA Z358.1 will have a new challenge in the next revision of the IFC.    Many research universities have enterprises that will be affected by this proposal.  Does over-testing of laboratory safety equipment make US research universities less competitive globally?

We welcome collaboration with all stakeholders on this proposal during our weekly Open Door teleconferences.   Anyone is welcomed to participate with the login information below:



Issue: [13-28] and [16-69]

Contact: Mike Anthony, Richard Robben, Mark Schaufele, Ron George

Hunter College Laboratory | Our position has been to specify more of these rather than more of them in laboratory building hallways.

Installation Practices for ICT Cabling

November 15, 2018
No Comments

North Dakota State University

Information and communications technology (ICT) is a fast-moving economic space in which a mix of consensus and open-source standards form the broad contours of leading practice.   ICT standards tend to follow international developments — more so than, say, fire safety standards which are more familiar to education facility leadership.  All school districts, colleges, universities and university-affiliated health care systems have significant product, system, firmware and labor resources allocated toward ICT.   Risk management departments are attentive to cybersecurity issues.   All school districts, colleges, universities and university-affiliated health care systems have significant product, system, firmware and labor resources allocated toward ICT.

The Building Industry Consulting Service International (BICSI) is a professional association supporting the advancement of the ICT community.   This community is roughly divided between experts who deal with “outside-plant” systems and “building premise” systems on either side of the ICT demarcation point.   BICSI standards cover the wired and wireless spectrum of voice, data, electronic safety & security, project management and audio & video technologies.  Its work is divided among several committees:

BICSI Standards Program Technical Subcommittees

BICSI International Standards Program

BICSI has released for public review a new consensus document that supports education industry ICT enterprises:  BICSI N1 – Installation Practices for Telecommunications and ICT Cabling and Related Cabling Infrastructure.    You may obtain a free electronic copy from:; Jeff Silveira, (813) 903-4712,

Comments are due November 19th.

You may send comments directly to Jeff (with copy to   This commenting opportunity will be referred to IEEE SCC-18 and the IEEE Education & Healthcare Facilities Committee which meets 4 times monthly in American and European time zones and will meet today.  CLICK HERE for login information.

Issue: [18-191]

Category: Telecommunications, Electrical, #SmartCampus

Colleagues: Mike Anthony, Jim Harvey, Michael Hiler

ANSI Standards Action | Page 17


Adhiyamaan College of Engineering

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